pope with a casual location for encounters for example with King Carlos III of

Pope with a casual location for encounters for

This preview shows page 41 - 44 out of 280 pages.

pope with a casual location for encounters, for example, with King Carlos III of Naples in 1744, for which the palace throne room would have been unwantedly officious. Fuga’s accomplishments were even more obvious than Luigi Vanvitelli’s for they demonstrated capabilities of adaptation to a wide variety of circumstances and program, to site and to patrons’ tastes while solving difficult functional and representational problems with brilliance and economy.Already in 1748, Carlos had hand-picked Fuga, at the height of his fame, for a mammoth job in his building scheme for Naples. Regium totius regni pauperum hospitalium , the royal hospice for all the realm’s paupers, better known as the Albergo dei Poveri, was not a second prize to Vanvitelli’s Reggia but an integral component of Carlos’s social, political, and architectural vision that in fact may predate the maturation of the ideas for Caserta. The population of Naples had grown dramatically in the eighteenth century, necessitating a reorganization of its antiquated charitable institutions. In the first years of Carlos’s reign, the idea of a large, single, specifically designed hospice for the poor and orphaned, like Rome’s San Michele a Ripa, was guided by a clear program for the moral and economic health of the capital.The Neapolitan hospice was to have been the largest in Europe, planned to accommodate and sustain, equip and reintegrate eight-thousand souls at a time.The Albergo dei Poveri addresses both the aesthetics of magnificence in civil architecture and the functionality of a framework for social sustenance. Because the project relied upon the growing technical proficiency of economic planners and even medical experts, Fuga’s job as architectural designer was enriched if complicated by the opinions of many special consultants.As in the case of Luigi Vanvitelli’s evident qualifications, Carlos needed above all decisive project managers. Fuga was given power of executive decision on the means of production, which did not put him in an easy relationship to the local workmen.They took every opportunity to make the Florentine architect’s work more difficult. Fuga often fled to Rome, leaving the Albergo to young assistants.Although Fuga forged no 41 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
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the architecture of modern italy 1.13 Ferdinando Fuga, Caffèaus, Palazzo Quirinale, Rome, 1741–43. Giovanni Paolo Panini, King Carlos III of Naples Visiting Pope Benedict XIV in the Quirinal Gardens Caffèaus in 1744 , 1746 1.14 Ferdinando Fuga,Albergo dei Poveri, Naples, 1751–. Second-floor plan
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school or theory of architecture, he left behind in Naples a modus operandi of a high level of professionalism.Already in 1748, Fuga’s project was ready to go.An enormous square, 276 by 268 meters, was to be divided four-square by cross branches within, much like Caserta, but larger.A church space was placed so that its dome might rise from the facade plane for greater visibility. Not one but three nave spaces were to be fit within the body of the wings—left, right, and down the center. Fuga could have drawn from a plethora of
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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