Cut off cotton to Britain to force government to help them Trying to build

Cut off cotton to britain to force government to help

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Cut off cotton to Britain to force government to help them Trying to build alliances Union the blocks ports to shut down industry Results quite dramatic o Within 2 years over 500,000 British workers unemployed o British government is forced to take dramatic action to find new cotton supply Structure of global economy reversed Actively pay farmers in Egypt and India to stop growing food and grow cotton Demonstrated realities and dangers of a global industry New Indian producers make enormous amounts of money from cotton production o When war ends cotton famine ends
° Response to Cotton Famine New cotton producers: India, Egypt, South America (in addition to US) New modes of farming o Rise of sharecropping o End of slavery ° Aftermath of Cotton Famine US returns to dominance in Cotton Markets Indebted farmers Persistence of Share Cropping Cotton is key in industrialization o Textiles are Gateway to industrialization o
19 th Century imperialism 08/19/2015 ° The Expansion of European Empires ° ° era of European dominance 150 years ends with WWII 1780-1945 age of European empires world encounters European ideas, institutions and industries by force and choice non-Europeans embrace, resist or reject European ideas, products and institutions made possible by the Age of revolutions o dual revolutions o Atlantic Revolutions: Local revolutions, global wars Destabilized existing world empires Created new demands ad justifications for Europeans colonization Created some of the ides used to oppose European colonization o Industrial Revolution Restructured global economy Allowed Europeans to dominate trade Provided new technologies used in empire building Empire in the 19 th c European (later USA and Japan) Colonization but also indirect, informal rule o Use power to manipulate people to get them to do what you want Shaped by Nationalism and the Enlightenment Shaped by the industrial revolution Defined by the rule of difference o Not tolerant multi ethnic, religious states o Emphasize differences to justify and maintain power ° Napoleon in Egypt
1798 allows Egyptians to start own revolution after driving napoleon out When the armies arrive in Egypt the behave differently Capture Cairo like a torrent “demons of the devils army” Unstoppable and disrespectful (of religion) ° ° How Europeans attitudes change toward non-Europeans in the 19 th century British saving French officer from native American (painting) o White men work together over “savage” native American” The Death of General Wolfe, the death of Nelson (Benjamin west paintings) o All white crowd The Secret of England’s Greatness 1863 Thomas Barker o Queen Victoria giving bible to African leader o Engaging in civilizing mission- bestowing European cultures on others to “make them better” The Death of General Gordon o Britain’s greatest imperialist Justifications for Empire (conquering non-European world) Three Legacies of the Age of Revolutions o The Civilizing Mission

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