Maize corn white potatoes sweet potatoes various squashes chiles and manioc

Maize corn white potatoes sweet potatoes various

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Maize [corn], white potatoes, sweet potatoes, various squashes, chiles, and manioc have become essentials in the diets of hundreds of millions of Europeans, Africans, and Asians. Their influence on Old World peoples, like that of wheat and rice on New World peoples, goes far to explain the global population explosion of the past three centuries. The Columbian Exchange has been an indispensable factor in that demographic explosion. All this had nothing to do with superiority or inferiority of Biosystems in any absolute sense. It has to do with environmental contrasts. Amerindians were accustomed to living in one particular kind of environment, Europeans and Africans in another. When the Old World peoples came to America, they brought with them all their plants, animals, and germs, creating a kind of environment to which they were already adapted, and so they increased in number. Amerindians had not adapted to European germs, and so initially their numbers plunged. That decline has reversed in our time as Amerindian populations have adapted to the Old World’s environmental influence, but the demographic triumph of the invaders, which was the most spectacular feature of the Old World’s invasion of the New, still stands. why it is not so persuasive. In your essays, you need a topic sentence for a paragraph like this. Write one here: Main idea of this ¶ in a few words: Is the first or last sentence the thesis in this ¶? Outline the key idea and evidence: Does this ¶ present new info or does it summarize the thesis of the whole article? 4
Complete the activity on the next page. Imagine this article was your answer to the essay prompt : “Analyze the relative impact of the Colombian Exchange on the Old and New Worlds.” (You can thank Dr. Crosby for writing the essay for you.) Write a one sentence thesis statement for this essay that presents the main argument (thesis) and previews the key sub-arguments that back up the thesis. If you can do this, you can do APUSH. References: [1] David B. Quinn, ed. The Roanoke Voyages, 1584–1590: Documents to Illustrate the English Voyages to North America (London: Hakluyt Society, 1955), 378. [2] Edward Winslow, Nathaniel Morton, William Bradford, and Thomas Prince, New England’s Memorial (Cambridge: Allan and Farnham, 1855), 362. [3] William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620–1647, ed. Samuel E. Morison (New York: Knopf, 1952), 271. Alfred W. Crosby is professor emeritus of history, geography, and American studies at the University of Texas at Austin. In addition to his seminal work on this topic, The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492 (1972), he has also written America’s Forgotten Pandemic: The Influenza of 1918 (1989) and Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900–1900 (1986 5

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