Chapter 5 olive branch petition after bunker hill at

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Chapter 5Olive branch petition (after bunker hill at second continental congress)-Last attempt to avoid war -Colonists Pledge allegiance to the king-Colonists agree to reconcile if the king and his people do to end british conflictCommon sense-Thomas paine-38 years old when he wrote it-50 paper pamphlet-Makes 3 arguments-Independence is necessary-Small island should not control a big continent-Should not be dragged into war-Crushes king george-Written to Appeal to the common man so everyone can read and understand it-Simple writingDeclaration of independence-July 4, 1776-Written by thomas jefferson (33 years old when he wrote this)-2 parts -Reasons for liberty-List of grievances-Crimes of the king-A lot of ideas are not new; based on enlightenmentAMERICAN REVOLUTIONBritish-More materials-Largest military in the world-12 million troops-Native americans and slaves on their side-Colonists always at war with natives so the natives didn’t support them-Better weapons and equipment-Better trained-Lots of moneyColonists-Home court advantage-3 million troops
-George washington said he didn’t want slaves participating-Volunteers-Inexperienced -Fighting for a cause their passionate about-Their freedomProclamation of rebellion-Lord dumure guarantee freedom to all slaves that fight with the britishBattle of trenton-Happened on christmas night-1776-Surprise attack by the continental army (colonists) against Hessians (german mercenaries - british ally)-Great for morale of army (boosted colonists’ confidence)Battle of saratoga 1777-Happened in new york-Turning point of war-Momentum shifts to colonists-Victory for the patriots-France joins the colonists-Why the french got involved-Get back the land they lost in 7 years war-Take power away from the british-They wanted british to fight a 2 front war (french in europe and colonists in america) to drain them of their power-Because of all this above, support for war begins to deteriorate amongst british subjects-Now colonist have a boost of confidence, french on their side, and weakened britishFrancis Marion-“Swamp fox” fight strategy-Hit and run strategy-Guerilla warfareMolly Pitcher-Mary McCauley-Brought “pitchers” of water to troops during war-Takes over husband’s canon-Women cook, farm, nurse, and created homespun-Homespun: women made clothes and things similar in their house for everything-Women kept everything running while men were at war
Chapter 6Constitution-Colonists won war and independence-Now they need to write constitution-Written form of government-Prevent one person from having too much power Articles of confederation 1781-Massive failure-Weak central government-No taxes-Can’t build an army-No executive branch-No judicial branch-States had power to do all of this ^-Power of central government-Declare war-Create treaties-Avoid tyranny (cruel and oppressive government )Northwest ordinance -Greatest accomplishment of articles-Money poor, land rich country-System of adding territory to the government and country-

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