Carlos had lived in many of his parents residences yet the structures available

Carlos had lived in many of his parents residences

This preview shows page 29 - 31 out of 280 pages.

and building several royal palaces. Carlos had lived in many of his parents’ residences, yet the structures available to the new monarch in Naples were not up to those standards either in the nature of their planning or in their less- than-imposing scale.At Portici, the Herculaneum excavation site on the bay of Naples, he began a great royal palace more for the good fishing than the promise of archeological finds the site promised. On a hill above Naples at Capodimonte he had a hunting lodge built that outstripped in its ambitious scope that modest program. Both palaces were in large part the work of a Sicilian architect, Giovanni Antonio Medrano, but both projects proved insufficient in Carlos’s eye on aesthetic, representational, and functional grounds. Finding local architects lacking, Carlos turned to Rome’s prominent architectural culture for the professionals he required. Nicola Salvi was first on his wish list, but with the architect in ill health and concerned for the ongoing fountain project, he deferred, recommending instead his collaborator Vanvitelli. Benedict XIV may have been loath to see not only Vanvitelli but also another of his prized architects, Ferdinando Fuga, summoned by the powerful new monarch to the south, but the pope sent them along at the close of the Holy Year of 1750 as a diplomatic payment of cultural tokens. Carlos set his two new architects to the major buildings of his two-fold economic and political scheme: two palaces for opposite ends of the sociopolitical scale, the Reggia or royal court palace at Caserta from Vanvitelli and the regium pauperum hospitalium , or royal poor-man’s hospice at Naples from Fuga. Following schemes of his 29 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
Image of page 29
French Bourbon forefathers, Carlos consolidated the charitable institutions for the poor in a grand architectural project, like Jacques- Germain Soufflot’s Hotel Dieu in Lyons, and brought together the governing institutions of the upper realm in an ambitious work comparable to the palace at Versailles. Like Versailles, the site of Carlos’s new Reggia lies several dozen kilometers beyond the capital city limits at Caserta, amidst the king’s favorite hunting grounds. More crucially, the site was safe from civil unrest, coastal attack, and volcanic eruption. For the entirely unimpeded site Vanvitelli drew up his first ideas for a great palace, but so did the king: as a contemporary noted,“with compass and slate in hand, Carlos drew out the first sketches of the great palace.” Carlos’s specific design directives can be deduced by noting all the changes Vanvitelli subsequently adopted and conscientiously adhered to in his second project proposal: a square construction with four internal courtyards and a great central dome.This design had many inspirations: the project Carlos’s father had commissioned for Buen Retiro outside Madrid, as well as El Escorial; elements from his mother’s Palazzo Pitti in Florence; the Palazzo Farnese in Rome; the Farnese ducal residence at Colorno; and most importantly, the Louvre,Versailles, and their gardens.Vanvitelli procured all this
Image of page 30
Image of page 31

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors