East west split apart loss of political unity loss of

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East & West= split apart Loss of political unity Loss of cultural unity (language) West= spoke Latin East= spoke Greek o Thought Latin was a vulgar lang Theological Differences more optimistic approach West= followed Augustine East= followed Pelagius Both= followed monasticism West= requires celibacy for all priests East= everybody but the head leader can b married o Other issues (filioque) but main theological issue is the primacy of the papacy In East, all churches were equal In West, church in Rome was above all other churches Both groups used icons But disagreement on how to use icons
19 o Eastern emperor= told them not to use icons Theological disagreement on how to read the Nicene Creed o 1054 Eastern Orthodoxy Characteristics of Eastern Orthodoxy and how they differ from the Roman Catholic Church (filioque, celibacy, pope) o National Churches (Russian, Greek etc….) Leading church= in Constantinople 1 st among elders o Still all equal Not like in Catholic churches where Rome is head church Churches in East= reject the papacy o Don’t believe that Rome rules over them (Roman pope ≠ universal pastor) o Authority Scripture Tradition 7 Ecumenical Councils= authoritative o For Catholic church, believe that all councils are authoritative o Council 7= second council of Nicea Dealt w/ icons John of Damascus o Mystical Doctrine of God as ineffable o An appreciation for mystery o Deification of humanity o Political leadership Caesaropapism= emperor functions as pope o Worship/Liturgy Learn about God through liturgy Major way tradition is passed down Worship= source & expression of theology the “Great Church” of the Eastern capital – the Hagia Sophia – was integral to liturgical development Hagia Sophia= church in Constantinople o “holy wisdom” Followed 7 sacraments o Triune immersion Of infants Submerge infant under water 3x (in the name of the father, son, holy spirit) o Married priests & celibate bishops Believed that RCC was unnatural b/c required all priests to b celibate believed that God required a few ppl to b married to the church (celibate) What is authoritative (how many councils; Bible and tradition for these two groups) o 7 Ecumenical Councils o Scripture o tradition Salvation as re-creation o When a man sins, he doesn’t violate the relationship b/w God & man Simply reduces the divine likeness Inflicts a wound in the original image of God o →salvation= consists of the restoration of the full image Become more like God Eastern belief (more optimistic than West Emperor Justinian (6 th century) o East o Physical world of human experience= subordinated to the supernatural, transcendant world o Justinian= rebuilt Church Hagia Sophia
20 o Justinian= brought the plans of Constantine to their conclusion o Never distinguished Roman state tradition frm Christianity

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