Office for extraordinary state affairs tongni kimu

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the strength and determination of choson’s strict isolation policy at the time. Office for Extraordinary State Affairs (T’ongni Kimu Amun) : What: The Office of Extraordinary State Affairs was a new political organization composed of 12 departments, which was inspired by the Chinese. Some of its departments included Office of Qing Relations, Other relationships, and Military. Where:Chosun Korea When: Late 1800s (1880s-1890s) Significant: The Office of Extraordinary Affairs was significant because it was one of the first steps of the Enlightenment Policy that would open Korea up to a world of influence by other countries, most significantly Japan and China. Coup d’Etat of 1884 (Kapsin chongbyon) : What: failed 3 day coup d’etat, the progressive party (pro japanese) sought to initiate rapid changes within korea to open its borders. Wanted to eliminate social distinctions, including the legal privileges of yangban class. Conservative classes (pro chinese) successfully suppressed the coup. Where: choson Dynasty Korea; Kyongu Palace When:1884 Significant: 14 points of reform proposal of coup: Return of Taewon’gun(to take advantage of his power), equal rights for all, reform tax laws to get rid of corruption(targeting Queen Min and the in-law gov’t), etc. Convention of Tientsin in 1885 : What: an agreement signed between Meiji Japan and Qing China. Both parties would pull their expeditionary forces out of Korea within 4 months. King Kojong would be advised to hire military instructors from a third nation for training the korean army. Also, both parties would never send troops into korea without prior notification to the other Where: chosun dynasty; Tientsin, China When: 1885 Significant: following the coup d’etat of 1884, tension has been escalating between china and japan over external influence in korea. Essays Prompt 1:
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Facing the approaches of foreign countries in the late nineteenth century, Taewon’gun launched and maintained a very strong anti-foreign/isolation policy . 1a. What was behind Taewon’gun’s isolation policy and how did it influence Choson politics? -witnessed Qing China’s aftermath through the first and second opium war, withheld a strong isolation policy. -the incident of the General Sherman, US trading ship: attempted to rifle the tomb of taewon gun’s father -the 2 foreign disturbances in 1866 and 1871 - he also feared the spread of Catholicism aka France because Russia was also trying to advance with France’s help = persecution of Catholic priests 1b. Did he have no choice but to keep an isolation policy in order to save Choson from threats of foreign powers ? 1c. If you do not agree with him and his policies, what would you have done as the most influential person of the Choson dynasty in the late nineteenth century ? [OPINION QUESTION] 2. Since it opened its ports in 1876, Choson experienced unprecedented pressure from the outside, and there were voices inside looking for reformation in order to respond to mounting threat of foreign countries. The Progressive Party and the Tonghak movements
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  • Spring '12
  • Henry
  • Joseon Dynasty, First Sino-Japanese War

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