Some historical perspectives argue that adolescence is a social invention

Some historical perspectives argue that adolescence

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Some historical perspectives argue that adolescence is a social invention Adolescence is defined by the social conditions (politics, economics, etc.) and circumstances in which we live
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Anthropological Theories- Societies vary in how the view the process of adolescence Adolescence is a culturally defined experience Stressful and difficult to some societies yet calm and peaceful to others Industrialized societies- (U.S.) transition from adolescence to adulthood is abrupt and difficult Nonindustrialized societies- transition from adolescence to adulthood is gradual and peaceful Leading Theorists: Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead Chapter 11-sexuality Sexuality during adolescence
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Adolescent sexuality is influenced by: Puberty- sexual activity can now lead to pregnancy Cognitive changes- contemplation, questioning, decision making, and reflection about sexual behavior Concerns about new social roles Motivated for more serious emotional relationships (mainly girls) Desire to enhance social status with peers ( mainly boys) Defining sexual activity can vary depending on person answering Differing views on what “losing one’s virginity” means Stages of sexual behavior Stages of sexual activity:
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Autoerotic behavior – sexual behavior that is experienced alone Having erotic fantasies Masturbation Nocturnal orgasms (wet dreams) By the time adolescents reach high school, they transition to sexual activity involving another person Nearly one-third of American 9th-graders have had sexual intercourse. By senior year, about two-thirds have. Average age at which U.S. teens first had intercourse is 17 years old Ethnic differences
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The average age at which American teenagers have intercourse for the first time is around 17 In all ethnic groups, the average reported age of first sex is slightly older among females than males Nearly 25% of Black boys report having had sex for the first time by age 13, compared to 4% among White boys and 9% of Hispanic boys High rate of early sexual activity among Black males partly due to: Single parent homes Poor neighborhoods For many girls, first sexual experience is forced. Adolescents’ beliefs about the age at which it is acceptable to begin having sex vary across countries.
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Adolescents are most likely to have intercourse for the first time during early summer or in December. Weather is very hot or very cold (stay indoors more) School breaks/vacations More unsupervised time Changes in sexual activity over time The percentage of sexually active adolescents increased during 1970s and 80s; decreased slightly from 1995 to 2001; it has remained low, a little less than 50% since then One-third of adolescents have early sexual intercourse (before ninth grade) Greatest increase in prevalence of premarital intercourse has
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been among females Sexually active adolescents Sexual activity during adolescence (age 16 and later) is not associated with psychological issues Levels of self-esteem and life satisfaction are similar to other adolescents’ Early sexual activity (before age 16) is associated with a
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