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58. Symbols are given a meaning by the couture or society; they have no meaning within themselves and may change racially with time. Define symbol: an image or sign that represents something else, because of convention, association, or resemblance59. Although the Nazis adopted the symbol of the swastika it was used as a symbol in India and Central Asia as early as 3000 B.C.E. What does the work swastika mean? Good luck or Good fortune60. Name the ancient symbol from Chinese philosophy that embodies a worldview of mutual independence.Yin-yang61. Who is the American graphic designer who created logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC?Paul Rand62. Which graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to international travelers? Cook and Shanosky63. Define the following terms:Wordmark or logotype a logo that consists of text generally the name of a company, an institution, or a product-given a distinctive graphic treatmentIllustration an image to go along with wordsLogo a fundamental element of corporate identify programsTypeface a style of typeLayout the deposition of text and images on a page, or the overall design of typographic elements on a page, spread, or bookNote: Redesigning the logo is one of the most effective ways a company can change its image.64. This artist created a unified alphabet that could be mass-produced. Name the artist.Albrecht Durer65. He created posters for the Moulin Rouge. Name this artist. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec66. In what t year was the iPod launched? 200167. Location and time are used to effectively display the subject in Graffiti Archaeology’ who did this design? Cassidy Curtis68. What development in the 19thcentury introduced the widespread use of color in posters?Color lithography
69. The video about the Audi TT sedan used programming called Processing, never actually showed the car, and did not require production work after it was originally shot. Which two British designers created the Audi video?Matt Pyke and Karsten Schmidt70. The memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC were designed by:Paul Rand71. Text Arc displays all of the text on screen, allowing users to explore relationships between its words. Who designed this work? W. Bradford Paley72. The work, BlackBean, signaled the arrival of a new kind of subject matter and is a portrait of graphic design. Who designed this work?Andy Warhol73. Nathalie Mieback inspires the viewer to think about the difference between the visual vocabulary the associate with science and art. What media does she use in her work? Reed, wood, Styrofoam