An interview was made in Radio Tamor Fm (104 MHz) in a program called “ 10 min ute” in on 12 Falgun 2069 and discussions were made regarding trade, status and importance of pangolins in their livelihood. News about the pangolin was published in Ilam Post (16 Falgun 2069, 27 February 2013) and in national newspaper, Gorkhapatra (16 Falgun 2069, 27 February 2013). Similarly news was covered in Nepali Bani Fm as the head news on the day.
12 3.4.3 Community awareness program Community from each districts were educated about the importance of pangolins in their livelihood. People were aware during the questionnaires in Haat Bazar (local market), discussion with the CDO offices, in hotels and DFO offices. Photo 3 and 4: Discussion with personnel’s working in nature conservation at Taplejung Photo 5 and 6: Community awareness program Dhankuta and Barbote, Ilam
13 4. DISCUSSION 4.1 Trade flow analysis Pangolins are protected in Nepal (Baral and Shah, 2008; Jnawali et al., 2011). Inspite this fact, its hunting is increasing. Poachers were inducing local youth of villages for trapping pangolins. The most of the people in village know about the pangolins trade, but do not express their views nor report to the police about the poaching. So, almost null records were obtained from the DFO and police station about pangolin trade. Only one record from Ilam, and Dhankuta and two from Sankhuwasba can be found. However, based on discussion with different conservation persons, security offices, and with the people, more illegal trade was found in Taplejung districts than other districts. Most of the respondents thought that the population of pangolin was decreasing rapidly in their area. Illegal activities of human were major cause for its decline. The major regions behind the poaching of the animal were hunting for meat for medicine, scales for ornaments. Not a single community and a type of occupation people are seen involved in illegal trade however it is heard that mostly Sherpas and Tamangs were involved in its trade. As well as most of the local hoteliers and cattle traders were involved in its trade. Sometimes, people from India and China directly visit to the area. There is no accurate record on the trade of the pangolins in Nepal. The price of the pangolins varies sharply depending upon its size, and species types. Indian pangolins cost more (Rs 15000/kg) than Chinese one (Rs 8000-9000) in some of the place. The minimum price of live pangolin was found to be about Rs 500/kg increases exponentially to about Rs 40-50 thousands per kg from local villagers to the high rank poachers at the boarders. This price is very less in comparison to the price received by local hunter in Vietnam (more than Rs 10000) (Duckworth et al., 2008) and in China (Rs 15000) (Yue, 2009). The report published in different newspaper revealed that Kavre, Dolakha, Terathum, Panchthar etc. were other vulnerable districts for the pangolin trade than our study area.
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- Fall '19