HIEA 150 Midterm 2 Study Guide.docx

1c if you do not agree with him and his policies what

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1c. If you do not agree with him and his policies, what would you have done as the most influential person of the Choson dynasty in the late nineteenth century ? [OPINION QUESTION] 2. Since it opened its ports in 1876, Choson experienced unprecedented pressure from the outside, and there were voices inside looking for reformation in order to respond to mounting threat of foreign countries. The Progressive Party and the Tonghak movements were two examples showing what people wanted to achieve through the reform . 2a. How did they attempt to carry out their reforms, and what did their works result in? Wasn’t there something here before? progressive party: coup d’etat in 1884; failed
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-tonghak rebellion: peasants rebellion 2b. What did they have in common for reforms, and how were their proposals different? -Progressive party: pro-japanese, wanted to cut-off relationships with Qing china -Tonghak: pro-chinese, asked Qing China to help during rebellion (Was Tonghak pro-Chinese? The government asked Qing China to bring in troops to suppress the peasant rebellion..) -Both fought for social equality against class distinction & government corruption -However, progressive party strive for western technology, tonghak opposed western culture 3. The Independence Club was arguably one of the most obvious examples explaining changes in political circumstance of Choson in the late nineteenth century. 3a. What was behind its birth and who comprised of it? -The murder of Queen Min via Japanese officials was likely the main cause of its foundation. It was founded by So Chaep’il. Its members were made up of Confucian scholars, intellectuals with new ideas, military officials & capitalists. 3b. How did it change Choson’s political ground, how was it related to socio-political factors, and what were the consequences of its activities? -It called for, above all else, independence from foreign powers. It also demanded harsher punishments for corruption and called out the corrupt government of the time. Don’t forget the use of the newspaper and the campaign for public ed.
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  • Spring '12
  • Henry
  • Joseon Dynasty, Qing China

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