•Shinto? Way of the Gods•Kojiki ("Record of Ancient Matters") is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century and composed by Ō no Yasumaroat the request of Empress Gemmei. The Kojiki is a collection of mythsconcerning the origin of the four home islands of Japan, and the Kami. Along with the Nihon Shoki, the myths contained in the Kojiki are part of the inspiration behind Shintopractices and myths, including the misogipurification ritual. •solar myths- R. F. Littledalecriticized the Sun myth theory when he illustrated that Max Müller (“sun Myth”) on his own principles was himself only a Solar myth•Animism - encompasses the beliefs that there is no separation between the spiritualand physical (or material) worlds, and soulsor spiritsexist, not only in humans, but also in all other animals, plants, rocks, natural phenomena such as thunder, geographicfeatures such as mountainsor rivers, or other entities of the natural environment•Sigmund freud - psychologist who thought guilt of men hating their father lead to religion •the golden bough - A Study in Magic and Religionis a wide-ranging, comparative study of mythologyand religion, written by Scottish anthropologistSir James George Frazer. It first was published in two volumes in 1890; the third edition, published 1906–15, comprised twelve volumes. It was aimed at a broad literate audience raised on tales as told in such publications as Thomas Bulfinch's The Age of Fable, or Stories of Gods and Heroes (1855). It offered a modernistapproach to discussing religion, treating it dispassionately as a culturalphenomenon rather than from a theologicalperspective. The impact of The Golden Boughon contemporary European literaturewas substantial•Max Muller Sun based animism•Dualist – struggle between mind and body or mind and matter•Karl Marx - the origin and development of religion as stemming from the social and economic struggle between classes.
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