Sun Dance - is a religious ceremony practiced by a number of Native American and First Nations peoples, primarily those of the Plains Nations • That Peyote is the psychoactive plant that was used by Native Americans in many ceremonies • Mesopatamian female deity – Inanna goddess of of sexual love, fertility, and warfare • Indo-European myths > what is common to them all o Theme - Order conquering chaos o Linguistic – myth and religious terms • What worshipping does filique piety promote/based off of? Ancestor worship. • Shinto? Way of the Gods • Kojiki ("Record of Ancient Matters") is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan , dating from the early 8th century and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Gemmei . The Kojiki is a collection of myths concerning the origin of the four home islands of Japan, and the Kami . Along with the Nihon Shoki , the myths contained in the Kojiki are part of the inspiration behind Shinto practices and myths, including the misogi purification ritual. • solar myths- R. F. Littledale criticized the Sun myth theory when he illustrated that Max Müller (“sun Myth”) on his own principles was himself only a Solar myth • Animism - encompasses the beliefs that there is no separation between the spiritual and physical (or material ) worlds, and souls or spirits exist, not only in humans , but also in all other animals , plants , rocks , natural phenomena such as thunder , geographic features such as mountains or rivers , or other entities of the natural environment • Sigmund freud - psychologist who thought guilt of men hating their father lead to religion • the golden bough - A Study in Magic and Religion is a wide-ranging, comparative study of mythology and religion , written by Scottish anthropologist Sir James George Frazer . It first was published in two volumes in 1890; the third edition, published 1906–15, comprised twelve volumes. It was aimed at a broad literate audience raised on tales as told in such publications as Thomas Bulfinch 's The Age of Fable, or Stories of Gods and Heroes (1855). It offered a modernist approach to discussing religion, treating it dispassionately as a cultural phenomenon rather than from a theological perspective. The impact of The Golden Bough on contemporary European literature was substantial • Max Muller Sun based animism • Dualist – struggle between mind and body or mind and matter • Karl Marx - the origin and development of religion as stemming from the social and economic struggle between classes.
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