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National Defense became primary area of expenditure during years of war. During WWII, -----During the Vietnam War, it stayed around 50% of budget, then lowered to around 20%, remaining there until 2015 when it dropped to 15% and even below. There has been much debate on how much to spend on national defense and how that affects our image as a nation. I think the reason the budget number remained fairly consistent was due to a lack of war time that required an excessive amount of budgetary influx. Health and Income Security spending, in general, has been on the rise. Social Security has steadily risen since 1940. Human Resource spending, in general, began as the primary government expenditure, but took a major hit during World War II years as budget shifted to national defense. Spending began increasing once again in 1946, but it wasn’t until the following year that it became more evenly balanced in the 1
Lucasgovernment budget (as national defense spending lessened). We see the same trend at the start of the Vietnam War, where money is funneled away from human services and over to national defense. 1971 is the first year we see national defense budget take a back seat to human resource spending percentage-wise and it continues this way, with the gap ever widening, until present day. It is important, I think, to note that Medicare was an added line item beginning in 1966, whichmarks the beginning of the change over in primary budget categories from defense to human resources.