c) Understanding the goals and purposes for behaviors and interactions can help facilitate change and prepare for growth and new possibilities.
Why a Multicultural Perspective A family is its own culture. They have unique language that governs behavior, communication, and how to feel about life events. Each family has its own celebrations and rituals. Counselors must explore the individual culture of the family, the larger culture the family is apart of, and the host culture that dominates the family’s life.
Strengths from a Multicultural Perspective There is a greater chance of individual change if other family members are supportive. This approach offers ways of working toward the health of the family unit and the welfare of each member.
Shortcomings From a Multicultural Perspective If counselors are not aware of their own possible biases, they could hold a Western perspective of “family.” Some therapists practice from a Western perspective that favors characteristics such as individualism and self - expression, which may be foreign to some cultures.
Contributions of a Family Systems Approach Neither the individual nor the family unit is blamed for the current dysfunction. Working with the entire family unit provides a new perspective on understanding both individual and relationship concerns.
Criticisms of a Family Systems Approach Family members may be reluctant to attend therapy or welcome change in the current family system. Some therapists may work with little concern for individuals as long as the family unit is functioning better.
Strengths from a Diversity Perspective • Monica McGoldrick has been the most influential leader in the development of both gender and cultural perspectives and frameworks in family practice. McGoldrick sees each family as a unique culture whose particular characteristics must be understood. Like larger cultural systems, families have a unique language that governs behavior, communication, and even how to feel about and experience life. Y - njtfX - U
References Adler, A. (1927). Understanding human nature (W. B. Wolfe, Trans.) New York: Fawcett. Christensen, O. C. (2004). Adlerian family counseling (3rd ed.) Minneapolis, MN: Educational Media Corp. (Original work published 1983) Corey, G. (2015). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (10 th ed.). Boston, MA. Cengage Learning. Dreikurs, R. (1950). The immediate purpose of children’s misbehavior, its recognition and correction. Internationale Zeitschrift Individual-psychologie, 19, 70-87. Dreikurs, R. (1973). Counseling for family adjustment. In R. Dreikurs, Psychodynamics, psychotherapy, and counseling (Rev. ed). Chicago: Alfred Adler Institute. (Original work published 1949) Family Systems Therapy with Monica McGoldrick [YouTube page]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Genograms edited 2019 [YouTube page]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Kerr, M. E. & Bowen, M. (1988). Family evaluation: An approach based on Bowen theory . New York: Norton.
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