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President could not fire the one radical in his cabinet=Edwin Stanton=would be dismissed in 1868c.ii.In response to the dismissal the House quickly passed the articles for impeachment of the presidentc.ii.1.The Senate had one vote short of impeachmentIII.Construction in the Southa.Black Office Holdinga.i.No African Americans had held positions in the South during Reconstructiona.ii.In certain states=blacks outnumbered whites without representationa.iii.Leaders were more conservative and did not press land reformb.New Working Conditionsb.i.Blacks refused to work for whites and decided to work on their own landb.ii.Sharecropping rose in popularity and as way to suppress BlacksIV.The Abandonment of Reconstructiona.Election of Granta.i.Won with large majority because of distinguished military careera.ii.15thamendment passed=forbade any state to vote on racial groundsb.The Grant Administration b.i.Grant had multiple scandals and defended his friends who did actions c.The Triumph of White Supremacyc.i.South set to overturn Reconstruction remnants
c.ii.Whites in the South were quick to go back to infusing racist influencesd.The Disputed Election of 1878d.i.Overthrew Reconstructiond.ii.South was in danger of taking the presidency d.iii.Compromise made to keep Tilden (D) from getting the necessary electoral votesd.iv.1877=the redeemers took back the South and ended Reconstructione.The Failure of Reconstructione.i.Racism was very much relevante.ii.African Americans still lacked many essential rights in the Southe.iii.Luckily African Americans were no longer slaves with a few rights making life better than it was before
Chapter 18: Come West-News spreads to southerners to spread west-A lot to Kansas-African Americans hear they can be free not just in Kansas but in the west-In south despite a strong push to industrialize the continuing dominance of white supremacy undercut economic growth-After the civil war the south and west became suppliers of 1.) Raw materials2.) Provided foodstuffs-and became consumers of finished goodsSouthern Burden-South had few factories to manufacture the goods it needed-South was poorest section of the country-Largely decentralized-Rural and agricultural -Unwieldy labor system-Unskilled Workers -Usually underpaid-Divided on race Agriculture in the New South-The economy of the south remained agricultural despite of talks of industry in the south-Remained tied to cash crops like tobacco, rice, sugar, and cotton-The number of acres that grew cotton more than doubled from 1870 to 1900-World demand for cotton grew between 1880-1900 and the prices fell-Farms in other parts of the country were becoming larger and more efficient -Southern farms decreased in sizeTenancy and SharecroppingThe dream for landholding rested on:Agricultural Ladder- any poor man could work his way up, rung by rung, until he finally had his own land-With each advancement in rung more freedom would come and ability to gain independence