Machiavelli supported civil humanism being a good

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Machiavelli supported civil humanism (being a good citizen) Erasmus supported Christian humanism (being a good Catholic) The Medici Era Medicis ruled Florence b/c of their banking fortune; scared of punishments for their greed (usury) → commissioned a lot of art Cosimo de Medici - Greek philosophy (Plato and humanism), sponsored scholars, foundation for the Plato Academy Platonic love- 2 people joined for the search of the true, good, and beautiful (Plato & Christianity) Patronized Donatello , who sculpted David (first freestanding and nude since Roman antiquity Piero de Medici - ruled for 5 years, continued to patronize Donatello, Platonic thinking Patronized Botticelli - greatest early Renaissance painter Birth of Venus and La Primavera idealized female figures and fertility Lorenzo the Magnificent - poet, extremely involved w art (aspects of the early Italian Renaissance), had a deep learning interest High Italian Renaissance: moves to Rome and sponsored by church ( Pope Julius II ), not individuals
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Leonardo Da Vinci - genius of the Renaissance, created the perfect Renaissance man, painted Mona Lisa and The Last Supper (shows linear perspective, emotion, sfumato (blurred and smoky), Notebooks (influential scientific work) Michelangelo - sculptor, but Pope forced him to do fresco David - the ideal human form, humanism Pieta - 1st sculpture in Rome with religious value Sistine Chapel - frescoes on ceiling Raphael - best known pure painter, works solely in the church School of Athens - philosophy fresco (¼), depicts detailed Classical thinkers (Plato and Aristotle) Venice: Titian did oil paintings in unique colors (bc of humidity) → Titian Red color Northern Renaissance: German Painters: Dürer, Grunewald, Altdorfer Northern Renaissance influenced by Protestant Reformation → emphasized sin and need for prayer Durer: Italian Renaissance supporter; in Italy to learn perspective (single vanishing point, all lines converge here); Self-Portrait : looks like Christ used a burin (sharp steel instrument) for woodblock printing and wood-cut engravings → Apocalypse series Grunewald : supported northern religions, Grunewald best described the Crucifixion of Christ (tortured image, shows every detail) Isenheim Altarpiece commissioned by hospital of Order of Saint Anthony Altdorfer : built his own world, he enjoyed landscapes (Danube Landscape had no people in it) and was inspired by Giorgione (Venetian) Dutch Painters: Bosch and Bruegel- pessimistic view of human nature (often satirical) Van Eyk :Painted nobility, showed that Vladimir Painting, full of small details. Bruegel (Elder) : Also created art about grotesque behavior and sin, enjoyed landscapes and was unaffected by Italian art Peasant Wedding Feast - shows peasant life Protestant Reformation: Church got involved in political affairs and was corrupted Martin Luther wrote grievances- 95 Theses (criticized the sale of indulgences- pay money to reduce sins and
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