•Concerned with innovation Development administration again stresses emphasis towards the replacement and/or improvement of existing Page of 3252
governmental structures and norms with the ones that suit the changing political and social environment. In other words, development administration is one that is dynamic and progressive in thought and action. •Administration of industrial societies Development administration is aimed at bringing changes to the society which is industrially and economically progressive. The industrial society fixes standards for administrative behaviour and performance of functions which become models for development administration. In such societies the methods of procedure and administrative organization take practical shape. Countries which have been industrialized can easily be developed in other walks of life. Thus the industrialization progress and development go hand-in-hand. •Effectiveness of coordination Development implies increasing specialization and professionalization. Hence, the number of agencies and organizations involved in development tasks has considerably gone up. To meet the maximum benefit of this emergent administrative system, coordination between various administrative units and activities is essential. Page of 3352
K. NEW PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 1. Goals And Features Of The New Public Administration New public administration came at the height of the political upheaval and turbulence of the late 1960s and early 1970s, in which Western societies especially the USA witnessed many social problems: disturbance, instability, confusion — and the like. The conventional public administration with its pillars—economy and efficiency—was unable to give suitably response to the escalating turmoil and the complications that arose from the political turbulence. In the wake of this, reality began to dawn on some of the best generation of young scholars of public administration that they began to question their discipline and profession. Thus, a movement was developed within the discipline in search of a new public administration — one sensitive to and capable of solving societal problems that had gone unresolved in the decade of the sixties. Some young generation of American scholars had gathered at Minnowbrook in 1968 and challenged the existing dogmas of conventional public administration and political science. These young scholars believed public administration should be value oriented and not efficiency oriented. This brought about the trend of “New Public Administration”, in which they lay more emphasis on values and ethics.