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These drugs are used mainly for the treatment of

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- these drugs are used mainly for the treatment of psychosis, a severe mental disordercharacterized by disordered thought processes, blunted or inappropriate emotional responses, bizarrebehavior ranging from hypoactivity to hyperactivity, with agitation, aggressiveness, hostility andcombativenessPhenothiazines- these drugs are historically important becauseThorazine, the first drug to effectivelytreat psychotic disorders, belongs to this groupPSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE SYMPTOMS MATCHINGCNS stimulants- hyperactivity, agitation, euphoria, insomnia, anorexia, increased pulseIntoxication: euphoria, grandiosity, fighting, elevated vital signs, nausea and vomiting,psychomotor agitationWithdrawal: anxiety, depressed mood, insomnia or hypersomnia, craving for the drug, suicidalideas (with amphetamines and cocaine)Opioids- euphoria, lethargy, drowsiness, lack of motivationIntoxication: euphoria, lethargy, somnolence, apathy, dysphoria, impaired judgement, slurredspeech, constipation, decreased respiratory rate and blood pressureWithdrawal: craving for the drug, nausea/vomiting, muscle aches, lacrimation, rhinorrhea,
piloerection or sweating, diarrhea, yawning, fever, insomniaInhalants- relaxation, loss of inhibitions, lack of concentration, slurred speech, euphoriaIntoxication: belligerence, assaultiveness, apathy, impaired judgement, dizziness, nystagmus,slurred speech, unsteady gait, lethargy, depressed reflexes, tremor, blurred vision, stupor orcoma, euphoria, irritation around eyes, throat, and noseCannabinoids- relaxation, talkativeness, lowered inhibitions, euphoria, mood swingsIntoxication: impaired judgement, loss of recent memory, tremors, muscle rigidity, conjunctivalredness, panic, paranoiaWithdrawal: the occurrence of a withdrawal syndrome with these substances has not beenestablishedHallucinogens- visual hallucinations, disorientation, confusion, paranoia, euphoria, anxiety, panic,increased pulseIntoxication: belligerence, impulsiveness, psychomotor agitation, increased heart rate and bloodpressure, ataxia, seizures, panic reaction, deliriumWithdrawal: if high doses are used for a prolonged period, symptoms of nervousness, tremor,insomnia and restlessness may occur upon cessation of useCNS depressants- relaxation, loss of inhibitions, lack of concentration, drowsiness, slurred speechAggressiveness, disinhibition, impaired judgement, incoordination, unsteady gait, slurredspeech, disorientation, confusionWithdrawal: tremors, nausea/vomiting, insomnia, seizures, hallucinations, irritability
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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Antidepressant

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