The mediator needs to choose a hypothesis when attempting to reframe whatever

The mediator needs to choose a hypothesis when

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their positions. The mediator needs to choose a hypothesis when attempting to reframe whatever the disputants are saying in the opening statements. In the BM Model, the reframing of the disputants’ opening statements or negative remarks will be based on the five aggregates and their order: 1. Form – what did they see or hear 2. Sensation – what are they feeling 3. Recognition – what are they thinking 4. Karmic formation – what are their needs and concern 5. Consciousness – their attention and focus at this moment Thus the new theory of reframing used in the BM Model is designed to enhance self-awareness as well as non-attachment to this sense of self or “I-ness” (Harding, 1965) at any one moment by analysis of the continuum of the five aggregates. To be able to apprehend the fact that there is no concrete ‘self’ being discovered in the continuum of the five aggregates and attain ‘no self’ or selflessness, there is ultimately ‘no self’ to bear the suffering of the afflictive emotions and even the suffering itself does not inherently exist. According to the Four Noble Truths which Gautama discovered after realizing the universality of suffering, its cause, its cure and the path to total liberation from suffering, the diagnosis and prescription to treat this phenomenon of suffering is set out. The source of suffering can be traced
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6 to the ignorance of the true nature of ‘self’ and things regarding them as well as “suffering” as inherently fixed. The process of the affliction of suffering is set out in the 12 links, and the process of purification is the reverse of the 12 links which is comparable to the process of mediation and the universal process of change. Reframing the statements of the parties who are blaming each other is recognized as one of the major skills of the mediator. It is likely that when people are in disputes with each other, they accuse each other of being ‘a bad person.’ They become defensive in their response to each other due to the perceived attack on their self-image. Hence, one of the natures of existence in Buddhism is that life is empty or ‘selfless’ which is similar to non-attachment to the self image in the context of changing the third Aggregate, sanna from unwholesome to wholesome. Thus, by recognizing the three characteristics of existence according to the Buddhist worldview of impermanence, selflessness and dissatisfaction, the Buddhist mediator’s hypothesis is to reframe the sanna into a recognition that is different from the original sanna that is rooted in unwholesome roots of greed, hatred and delusion, to a new recognition that does not have its base in the unwholesome roots (McConnell, 1995). This approach is certainly more transformative than the approach of the facilitative or therapeutic model of mediation because it aims to change the root cause of the conflict as part of the personality of the disputants and not just to enhance the negotiation process.
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