Legislative policies can sometimes cause hardships on institutions if they do not have a budget set aside to support that policy or law. Most of those legislative policies implemented are enforced regardless of available funds and most health care institutions strive to meet those demands. As for OSHA, it is funded by the government and the House Appropriations Committee usually votes on the yearly fiscal budget. In 2015, the House Appropriations Committee passed a budget for OSHA and decreased the budget or "funding by nearly $18 million. OSHA's current budget is $552.7 million, and President Barack Obama requested $592 million for the agency in FY 2016" (OSHA, 2015, para. 2). This creates a lot of strain on the department to meet the needs of American workers and continuously protect the interest of employees. The Roles of Organizational Stakeholders and Interest GroupsOrganizational stakeholders and interest groups play a significant role in healthcare laws and regulations. A corporate stakeholder can be anyone who has a vested interest in the goals and
SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT: HEALTH LAW, REGULATION, AND7values of the organization. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has defined "stakeholders" as persons or groups that have a vested interest in a clinical decision and the evidence that supports that decision. Stakeholders may be patients, caregivers, clinicians, researchers, advocacy groups, professional societies, businesses, policymakers, or others. They all have different perspectives and goals, but t;he common theme among them is quality care. The patients and families want to receive quality care, the providers including medical facilities, physicians, nurses, vendors, and other clinicians aim to provide quality care. Regulators, employers, payers, all strive to provide quality service. Stakeholders can influence policies, regulations during development, implementation, and modification to ensure the policies or laws are effective and meet the intended purpose.ConclusionLaws and policies are enacted in health care to protect both patients and health care providers. Laws are principles and rules of that guides human conduct and behaviors and is usually recognized or enacted by a supreme authority. Policy, on the other hand, is "a set course of action (or inaction) undertaken by governments or health care organizations to obtain a desired health outcome" (Abood, 2007, para. 23). Many factors influence or impacts laws, policies and regulations such as organizational stakeholders and interest groups, governmental and non-governmental agencies, and politics. Also, legislative policy significantly affects health care resource allocation and can put a tremendous strain on the institutions that must be compliant.
SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT: HEALTH LAW, REGULATION, AND8ReferencesAbood, S. (2007). Influencing Health Care in the Legislative Arena. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 12(1). doi:10.3912/OJIN.Vol12No01Man02Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). (2014). Stakeholder Guide. Retrieved
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