A_Global_Protocol_on_Cybersecurity_and_Cybercrime.pdf

Given the ever changing nature of icts it is

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Given the ever-changing nature of ICTs, it is challenging for law enforcement in most parts of the world to keep up with criminals in their constant efforts to exploit technology for personal and illegal gains. With this in mind, it is critical that the police work closely with government and other elements of the criminal justice system, Interpol and other international organizations, the public at large, the private sector and non-
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5 governmental organizations to ensure the most comprehensive approach to addressing the problem. International coordination and cooperation are necessary in prosecuting cybercrime and require innovation by international organizations and governments. The Conven- tion on Cybercrime Articles 23-25 address basic requirements for international coopera- tion in cybercrime cases. Article 3: Measures against Terrorist misuse or use of Internet In the fight against terrorist misuse of the Internet and related ICTs, countries should complete their ratification of the Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism of 2005. Other countries should, or may want to, use the Convention as a guideline, or as a refer- ence for developing their internal legislation, by implementing the standards and princi- ples it contains, in accordance with their own legal system and practice. It is very important to implement at least Article 5 on public provocation to commit a terrorist offence, Article 6 on recruitment for terrorism, and Article 7 on training for terrorism. In addition, the Convention on Cybercrime has been found to be important for defense against terrorist misuse of the Internet. Article 4: Measures for the Global Cooperation and Exchange of Information A global conference on cybersecurity and cybercrime should be organized with the par- ticipation of regional and international organizations, together with relevant private companies. Participating organizations includes, but are not limited to: ITU, INTER- POL, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), G 8 Group of States, Council of Europe, Organization of American States (OAS), Asia Pacific Economic Co- operation (APEC), The Arab League, The African Union, The Organization for Eco- nomic Cooperation and Development (OECD), The Commonwealth, European Union, Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), NATO, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Article 5: Measures on Privacy and Human Rights In conducting cybercrime investigation and prosecution, countries should ensure that their procedural elements include measures that preserve the fundamental rights to pri- vacy and human rights, consistent with their obligations under international human rights law. Preventive measures, investigation, prosecution and trial must be based on the rule of law, and be under judicial control.
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6 2. M EASURES ON CYBERSECURITY By Solange Ghernaouti-Hélie 1. A common perspective Information security constitutes a driving force for the economic development of regions and must be carried out simultaneously with ICT infrastructure. Benefits from informa-
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