➔ President Adams signs them but is cautious… doesn’t deport aliens and doesn’t go Salem witch trials on the Democratic-Republicans just yet. Effects/Impacts of the Acts: ● The Alien Act discouraged aliens from coming and aliens who just came were encouraged to leave the country. Most of them likely support non elitist group. ● Sedition Act was used to arrest newspaper writers who had Republican POV and wrote about criticisms against Federalists. ● Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1799): - Democratic-Republicans claim Alien and Sedition Acts “Violate 1st Amendment”. - Fight through state legislatures (No Judicial Review at the time). - Kentucky (T.Jeff) and Virginia (J.Mad) ● Resolutions obtain ideas from John Locke. Claim that the federal and state government have a compact with one another and if the federal government breaks that compact, states can nullify federal law. NULLIFY LAWY… remember for Period 4 and 5 (later used by states in the 19th century). ● Resolutions did gain momentum and arguments between Democratic-Republicans and Federalists continued even into the House of Representatives where there were instances of arguing and fighting including wrestling on the floor, hitting one another with canes, and spitting in each other’s faces. #growup. ● The Alien and Sedition Acts as well as the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions contribute immensely to the diminishing influence and power of the Federalists. Election of 1800: ➔ Federalists claimed if T. Jeff came to power, there would be something similar to a French Revolution. ➔ Democratic-Republicans portrayed Adams as a tyrant who will put down liberty and impose slavery on people. ➔ By 1800, Democratic-Republicans were Majority in Congress. ➔ Federalists unpopular, T.Jeff wins. ➔ The last few weeks of Adams presidency, he tried to put Federalist thinking judges in all positions in the court system. MAINTAIN THE FEDERALIST INFLUENCE IN GOVERNMENT AT ALL COSTS???
***Like how Antonin Scalia passed away in 2016, Obama tried to put a Democratic Party thinking Justice to replace him but the Republicans in Congress refused to hear his proposal. ➔ Judiciary Act of 1801: It was with this that Adams was able to appoint Federalist judges. He stayed up until midnight to make appointments and sign them in. These judges and appointments became known as “midnight judges” and “midnight appointments”. Why is this a turning point in APUSH?? ➔ Nation has been saved from tyranny (British Empire? Federalists? Both?). ➔ True American principles will now govern the nation (think American Revolution). ➔ Jefferson labeled the election “Revolution of 1800”.
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- Fall '16
- Cherry Whipple
- John Adams, American Revolution, United States Declaration of Independence