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Listening: Listening is a very crucial technique in the counselling relationship. It involves every part of the body i.e. eyes, voice, ears and hears. Listening is often regarded as the foundation stone upon which other lards of helping service are built. Active listening conveys to chats that they are valued by the counsellor. If the counsellor does not listen attentively, he may not be able to hear and understand what his client’s problems are and observe the exact nature of both the verbal and non- verbal responses by his client. Adedipe (1997) states that listening is far from the passive state which some people think it to be. Active listening is a skill of great sophistication, which is available to all counsellors. The use of listening as a technique means being able to communicate understanding of the client’sproblems, meaning content. Similarly, it means being able to show to the client that you understand how he feels particularly to show the client that you have an idea of the impact of the existing problems on his psychological well - being. Responding: This is a technique of counselling that involves the counsellor’s verbal and non-verbal reactions to the problems presented by the client. Responding is very crucial in the helping relationship. It is important to mention that adequate response depends on the counsellor’s attentive and understanding skills. It is important for the counsellor to respond promptly and adequately to the client’sverbal and non-verbal communications. With appropriate and useful response, it is likely that the client would be able to get help in understanding his problems and be able to take positive actions towards the solution of his
79 problems. It is essential that counsellors should be able to respond to the contents feeling and the meaning of the client’sexpression if he, the counsellor would provide effective assistance to the client. Questioning: This technique helps the Counsellor in probing and thereby explores the problem being presented by the client. It helps to bring to fore, some important fact that will assist in promoting an effective discussion in the interpersonal relationship between the client and the counsellor. Questioning readily helps the client in identifying and having clearer understanding of his problem. Restatement: This involves a process in which the Counsellor having heard and understood what the client said, he (the Counsellor) repeats what was said for the sake of clarification. Specifically, restatement assists the counsellor and the client to reach a lard of mutual understanding of true nature of the problem as it represents the mind of the client. It also affords the client the opportunity of explaining further if what he said was not properly heard or understood by the counsellor.