Employer to employee 5 school to student 6 landlord

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4. Employer to Employee. 5. School to Student. 6. Landlord to Tenant. 7. Custodian to Custodied 8.+i.Aiding and Abetting/Encouraging Tortfeasor: focuses on whether a D knowingly gave “substantial assistance” to someone engaged in a wrongful act.” See R2d §876. Factors to consider include: the nature of act encouraged, advice given, the amount of assistance given, Δ’s presence or absence at the time of the tort, Δ’s relation to the other tortfeasor, Δ’s state of mind, duration of assistance provided. j.Concert of Action: 1. D does a tortious act in concert with another pursuant to a common design, or 2. knows other's conduct is a breach of duty and gives substantial assistance or encouragementto the other so to conduct himself, or 3. gives substantial assistanceto the other in accomplishing a tortious result and D’s own conduct, separately considered, constitutes a breach of duty to the third person.3. Negligent Entrustment:Permitting a 3rd person to use a thing (or activity) under control of actor if actor knows (or should know) 3rd party is likely to create an unreasonable risk of harm to himself others.4. Loss of Consortium: Spouse tortiously injured. Result: personal relationship damages (love, sex, support, etc.)5. Fear [of Cancer/AIDS]: If physical injury, then compensable.
k.If no phys. injury, then you need Negligence + Actual Exposure to harm [ex. chemicals/AIDS needle] + 51% likely to occur = Damages for fear and medical monitoring6. §1983 Claim: See f main outline.7. Invitee: Invited for Business purpose (or someone going to public place like park/church). Duty is Reasonable Care.8. Licensee:Coming over for non-business purpose. Duty: no willful, wanton, intentional conduct. Duty to warn of or make safe nonobvious, dangerous conditions known to the landowner9. Trespasser: One who comes onto land w/o permission/privilege. No duty to undiscovered trespasser. Duty to discovered trespasser is ordinary care to warn the trespasser of, or to make safe,artificial conditions known to the landowner that involve a risk of death or serious bodily harm and that the trespasser is unlikely to discover. There is no duty owed for natural conditions and less dangerous artificial conditions.10. Strict Liability: Negligence standard of care is REMOVED & replaced with an absolute duty to make safe. The rest is THE SAME as NEGLIGENCE (Still show causation, actual & proximate cause, damages).11. Negligent Supervision- a party fails to reasonably monitor or control the actions of an employee 12. Negligent Hiring- may be found where the employee (the tortfeasor) had a reputation or record that showed his/her propensity to misuse the kind of authority given by the employer, and this record would have been easily discoverable by the employer, had the employer exercised 'due diligence'.13. Negligent Retention- occurs where a party failed to remove an employee from a position of authority or responsibility after it became apparent that the employee was in fact misusing that authority or responsibility in a way that posed a danger to others. 14. Worker’s Compensation:

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