Japan also developed a banking system, a financing infrastructure, and a modernized school system that could train the workers of the future.Unlike what had occurred in Britain, the industrialization of Japan did not occur by the alignment of chance and circumstance. Rather, the process of moving Japan out of feudalism and into the modern global economy was as deliberate as it was rapid. Japan's leaders knew that their country lagged far behind other industrialized nations. To catch up, they sent observers around the world to learn modern industrial techniques in silk weaving, shipbuilding, cotton textile manufacturing, and weapons making.By the late 19th century, Japan's investments had paid off. Japan's rapid development of its textile industries resulted in making it the world's leading exporter of raw silk. It was producing 21.3 metric tons of coal by 1913. And it had laid 7,100 miles of railroad track by the start of World War I.Like other countries, Japan's industrialization was tied to the process of colonization. But in Japan's case, it sought to industrialize in order to avoid becoming a colony. Yet by way of wars with both China and Russia, Japan became an imperial power in its own right. This process would have major consequences once it found its interests clashed with those of the United States decades later.The militarization and industrialization ultimately brought Japan into conflict with its neighbors. By 1876, Japan had compelled Korea, previously an independent kingdom closely tied to China, to sign a trade agreement, an action very similar to one undertaken against Japan by the United States years before.This brought Japan into direct conflict with the interests of China, resulting in war a couple decades later. Finally, as a testament to the extent to which Japan had modernized, the country beat back the Russian navy in 1905. This victory secured Japan's position as east Asia's premier military power.What Was the Artistic Reaction to the Industrial Revolution? during the Industrial Revolution, Romanticismbecame established in many of the arts. Literature, painting, and music were all affected.Romantic reactions to the Industrial Revolution were largely negative. Realism and Impressionism Two of the most important were Realismand Impressionism. Realist painters believed social conditions, no matter how shocking, should be portrayed as they were. The new art of photography also played an important role. In a book entitled How the Other Half Lives(1890), Danish-American photographer Jacob Riis provided graphic images of urban poverty.