groups and communities as well as organizations. Care for self, care for colleagues and care for persons culminate in extraordinary nursing care and superior health outcomes. Nurses understand caring in nursing as a relationship with patients which is characterized on the nurses’ part by an individual and empathetic approach, attentiveness, experience and sensitivity. Through caring, active communication takes place, providing information which reduces anxiety and that leads to the breaking down of barriers. The relationship helps protect patients’ autonomy, dignity and comfort. The nurses’ personal qualities – professional knowledge, attitudes and skills, their availability, reliability, emotional and physical support which result in the protection, emotional support, and the meeting of bio-psycho-social needs of the patient. Caring stands above nursing, providing it with direction, orientation, substance and value . (Concept caring in Nursing -Central Europe Journal of Nursing & Midwifery). Dr. Watson’s caring theory, is one theory that became embedded into nursing curriculum around the world. Caring according to her is both an art and a science in which the nurse practices the art of caring when they reflect on their practice, not simply focusing on signs and symptoms but on the richer, deeper spiritual connections resulting from protecting, enhancing and preserving a person’s health, the nurse must have a deep connection to the spirit within the self and to the spirit within the patient, it requires the nurse to look at the uniqueness of the individual and to go to all extents possible to preserve the patient’s dignity. (Ethics, Law and Policy - Applying the Ethics of Care to your nursing practice) by Vicki D. Lachman ) Holistic nursing aims at the improvement of healing of the individual as a bio-psycho-social unity, from birth until death. The Holistic approach considers the biological, social and spiritual needs of the patient, it takes into account an individual’s psychological, sociological and mental views and needs. Holistic nursing care provision was based on various theories, each focusing on specific aspects of the relationship between the person with his outside and inside world and his nurse. (Holistic nursing care: Theories and Perspectives - American Journal of Nursing Science 2013.) The presence of caring in nursing’s advanced practice roles is reassuring to the nursing profession, where new and emerging roles of nurse practitioners incorporate caring into their everyday practice with patients, whose competencies reflect the core caring dimensions of respect, compassion and dignity. (International Journal of Caring Sciences January- April 2016 Volume 9) In my current practice as a postpartum/NICU nurse, and as a future family nurse practitioner, the very obvious necessity for care is not just for the patient, but for the entire family. When a pregnant woman arrives in labor, the anxiety, worry, expectations and questions on the mind of the patient and the family is almost inexhaustible. From delivery to the time of discharge, great
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- Winter '17
- Foundational Concepts & Theory