Science diff races were separate created species

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-Science- Diff races were separate created species & blacks were of the lowest, therefore forever lower than whites. Repudiates: In general, North accepted but South rejected: -vision of free society of yeoman farmers & honest workers -concept of democracy & equal opportunity -ideal that all men are born equal & entitled to freedom -mission to extend liberty to others Illustrations of each one follows>>>> In 1830s most Americans believed the best society was a democracy & in that democracy all men were created equal & were free, but John C. Calhoun argued that slavery was necessary to democracy. Fitzhugh: Calhoun: "There has never yet existed a wealthy and civilized society in which one portion of the community did not live on the labors of another." "We . . . regard [slavery] as the most safe and stable basis for free institutions in the world." "In the present state of civilization, where two races of different origin, and distinguished by color, and other physical difference, as well as by intellectual, are brought together, the relation now existing in the slaveholding States between the two [i.e., slavery], is, instead of an evil, a good—a positive good." Hammond: Hammond & Calhoun: Reinterpretation of Monroe Doctrine: Recap of American Principles: Dr. Curry’s Thesis: 1.) The ante-bellum South- tied to the moral anachronism of slavery by economic gain & fear of the black man & besieged by abolitionist stacks from without- moved in the 1830s from the defensive to the offensive. 2.) It developed a pro-slavery argument, one of the greatest rationalizations of American history, and, at the same time, suppressed all criticism of slavery within the South.
3.) By the 1840s & 1850s the South having largely repudiated the morality of the 19 th century, was out of step with the rest of the US & in general, was moving against the flow of the whole of western culture. 1.) In the antebellum South, most white Southerners were… 2.) William Lloyd Garrison.. TOPIC 3: BREAKDOWN OF POLITICS & DESTRUCTION OF THE UNION SLAVERY in Polictics 3 Questions: Concerning causes of Civil War 1.) What were the causes of section tension & conflict? 2.) What were the causes of secession? 3.)Why did the North refuse to allow the peaceful secession of the South? 1.) The moral conflict over slavery. 2.) Fear about what Lincoln’s election meant to the South & slavery. The lost of political power to the Northerners, made the South think that all was lost. It was an exaggerated response. 3.) American nationalism. Succession violated American Nationalism. A necessity, they refused to allow the South to destroy the Union. 2 Important Points: 1.) Slavery was a disruptive issue prior to 1850, but many worked hard to settle, or at least postpone, it rather than let it destroy the Union.

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