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8. in the U.S., who were the Puritans, and how did they view sex? how did this attitude begin to change after the Revolutionary War?9. how were slaves and Native American Indians viewed/treated by white Americans?10. what was the Free Love Movement of the 1820s?11. by the end of the 19thCentury, the medical model of sex began to emerge – what is this, and know examples of their views (ex: views about masturbation . . .)- Americans became obsessed with sexual health, and physicians said masturbation could lead to blindness and other ailments 12. what was the Comstock Act of 1873?13. what was the Social Hygiene Movement began in 1905? 14. what is sexology?15. how do biological theory, evolutionary theory, psychological theories, and sociological theories differ in their approaches to studying sex? here you don’t need to know specifics (ex: you don’t need to know the specifics of psychoanalytical theory versus behaviorism), just know, for ex, how a psychologist and a sociologist would approach the study of sex differently . . .-biological theory, focuses on genes, hormones, the nervous system, and other biological factors in human sexuality – studies the mechanisms of reproduction, as well as sexual arousal and response-evolutionary theory,* says that species vary not only in their physical characteristics but also in their social behavior, including their mating behavior – this perspective relies heavily on Darwin’s ideas of evolution and natural selection (survival of the fittest)
-ex. Men more promiscuous bc their ancestors tried to impregnate as many females as possible while females settled down because they can only have a few children.