confined to one research methodology, one set of journals, or one geographic region”. Therefore, a sampling frame that includes the main IS outlets was developed, giving a list of journals and conferences. Two sets of IS articles were included in the review. In the first set, articles published in the eight journals listed by the Association of Information Systems (AIS) as the Seni or Scholars’ Basket of 8 Journals 1 were selected as they represent the top quality in the IS domain. Moreover, articles in the top 3 business publications 2 , ranked by the Financial Times, were included to pursue completeness and to capture frontline practical ideas overtime. The three business publications are also highly ranked in IS journal rankings (e.g. ISWorld). In the second set, to ensure the literature review is as comprehensive as possible, articles in the proceedings of major IS conferences were also investigated. Five AIS affiliated conferences 3 were chosen. 2.3 Extraction Following the research purpose and protocol, extraction was conducted in two rou nds. First, “platform” was searched as the keyword in the title, abstract, and keywords of the targeted databases for the basket of 8 journals and IS conferences. Further, articles that use “IS platform”, “IT platform”, “digital platform”, or “technology platform” in their titles were searched for in the top 3 business publications because such articles often do not have an abstract or keyword section; and the focus is on extracting articles where IT-platform is the central focus. Second, to ensure that only relevant IS research articles are reviewed, we excluded articles that use non-relevant dictionary meanings (e.g. Capability Maturity Model), discipline specific usage (e.g. online payment platforms), and methods-related usages (e.g. Regional Development Platform Method). As a result, 51 articles from the basket of 8 journals, 63 articles from IS conferences, and 18 articles from business publications were yielded (see Figure 1). It is notable that, although the platforms notion has been under investigation since 1997, the sample shows a relatively small portion of research attention from the pool of IS outlets but with a rapid rising trend. Note that while a systematic approach is followed in extracting the most relevant articles for this review, there can be and will be some suitable articles that are excluded due to the searching approach and resource availability. Missing articles could occur in any review (Webster and Watson 2002), but this study has defined a feasible and appropriate scope to extract relevant articles that fit the research purpose (e.g. Bandara et al. 2009). Figure 1. Number of IS articles focusing on IT-platforms (up to the 1 st quarter 2015) 2.4 Execution Our process of developing a definition for the IT-platform concept drew on advice from Eisenhardt (1989), Osigweh (1989); and Suddaby (2010). Following Suddaby (2010) we first examined prior definitions of platforms in the existing literature, to establish the historical lineage of the concept.
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- Spring '18
- jane smith
- Test, Systematic review, Information Systems Research, Australasian Conference on Information Systems, Gregor & Keating