Radial routes connected the periphery to the centerA rettifilo dedicated to

Radial routes connected the periphery to the centera

This preview shows page 204 - 207 out of 280 pages.

the growth rings of a tree. Radial routes connected the periphery to the center.A rettifilo , dedicated to Dante, was lined with the opulent capitalist palaces of commercial culture. Milan distinguished itself as a leading city of the new nation by its industrial strength. In 1881, it hosted the first national industrial exhibition, held in the Piazza d’Armi, which featured the Pirelli tire company (it was founded in 1872).A general electric company was created in 1883, followed by the Italian national commercial bank and the Breda metalworks.The opening of the San Gottardo tunnel in 1882 made Milan the most important Italian rail link to north- central Europe. But industry did not present a particularly attractive face, and despite Mengoni’s rare success at giving it one, most cities in Italy looked to their cathedral facades to establish their identities, and a surprising number were still incomplete. cathedral facades and town halls After five hundred years, the cathedral of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore, still had no facade. In the early fourteenth century,Arnolfo da Cambio, the Duomo’s original architect, had evidently designed one encrusted with medieval statuary, but by the time Filippo Brunelleschi finished the great dome, tastes had changed.Arnolfo’s incomplete work was dismantled and generations of aspirant designers fashioned wooden models to take its place. None proved fully satisfactory, and eventually, in 1688, the blank 65-meter-high surface was stuccoed over and painted up with Corinthian pilasters that faded only too slowly for the Florentines irked by its incongruity.The desire to complete the facade properly stimulated the first serious publications on Tuscan medieval architecture. 204 the architecture of modern italy
Image of page 204
the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 4.13 Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence. Photograph c. 1865
Image of page 205
Giovanni Battista Silvestri, a young Sienese student who had assisted on such publications, pondered Arnolfo’s lost composition and drew up a Gothic Revival design in 1822. Exuberant in detail, Silvestri’s unbuilt proposal was the first to derive its form from the original pointed-arch nave construction behind it, and in doing so set a trend. Florence’s Santa Croce also lacked a facade, and in 1856 a design by Niccolò Matas was chosen to rectify this situation. Its three flat, triangular gables, or cuspids, were modeled on fourteenth-century examples from Orvieto and Siena. Gaetano Baccani constructed a new campanile in 1847 that fits easily in the historical skyline. The Duomo, however, proved, a more difficult task.The physical irregularities of wall structure underneath the stucco and a tantalizing variety of visual documents suggested, but did not reveal, the intentions of the original builder. Only in 1858 did civic and ecclesiastical powers,Tuscan Grand Duke Ferdinando and Archbishop Giovacchino Limberti, join forces in a fund-rasing campaign for the job.The archbishop then arranged for a competition program to be drawn up by Baccani, head architect of the cathedral building
Image of page 206
Image of page 207

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors