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60. The terms mental practiceand meditationcan be used interchangeably. A. True B. False 61. Research has shown that mental practice is effective as a performance preparation strategy but not as an aid to learning a new motor skill. 62. When mental practice involves visual imagery, it can take the form of internal or external imagery. 63. Imagery ability has been shown to 64. In addition to aiding in skill acquisition, mental practice has been found to serve as all but which of the following? A. A means of action preparation B. A means of facilitating memory storage C. A means of facilitating memory retrieval D. A means of providing task-intrinsic feedback 65. Which of the following is the best example of specific cognitive mental imagery? 66. When mental practice trials and physical practice trials are included in practice sessions, skill learning can be as good as when the same number of trials involve only physical practice. 67. Only the brain activity hypothesis is generally accepted as an explanation of the effectiveness of mental practice for motor skill learning and performance.
KIN 315 SPRING 2009 11 68. In lab 11 participants were placed in either a variable practice or constant practice group and then tested by performing a novel variation of the task. This was done to assess which aspect of learning? A. Retention B. Persistence C. Transfer D. Stability 69. All but one of the following are possible explanations as to why distributed practice may lead to better learning. Which one is not? 70. Research has demonstrated that mental imagery ability is an individual-difference variable that influences the success of mental practice. 71.The Elaboration Hypothesis states that contextual interference improves learning because as learners create new skill variations during random practice they create a more distinct memory representation of the skill. 72.In lab you determined if and how much bilateral transfer occurred from the pre-test to the post-test by calculating the A.mean score. B.percent improvement. C.retention score. D.constant error. 73.Bilateral transfer occurred in lab if practice of a mirror tracing task with the preferred arm resulted in performance improvement of the non-preferred arm, which did not practice the task.
KIN 315 SPRING 2009 12 74. If the group that practiced 4, 6 and 8 feet away scored better on the final 7ft test than the group that practiced solely at 6ft, we would have evidence of what aspect of learning? 75. In one of our labs, one group practiced throwing bean bags from 6ft. while the other group practiced from 4, 6, and 8 feet. Following this, all participants performed a final test which consisted of throwing the bean bag from 7 ft. What was the name of this lab and the name of the final test from 7ft?