Phase 3 honeymoon phase remorseful making promise

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Phase 3- “Honeymoon Phase”; remorseful, making promiseRace, Ethnicity, Class, & Sexual OrientationExperiencing victimization varies by socioeconomic status, national originExternal stressors like racial discrimination and unemployment increase stress and the likelihood of violenceSame-gender couples are far less likely to physically punish their children.Lesbian women may experience more intimate partner violence than gay men.Why Do Women Stay?
Negative self-concept and low self-esteemBelief that the abuser will changeEconomic hardship and homelessnessNeed for child supportFear, shame or guiltBlaming themselvesLearned Helplessness Combating Domestic Violence Prevention“How do you stop a 30 year old man from beating his wife? Talk to him when he’s 12.”InterventionCourt ordersCounselingMedical screeningPsychoeducation Chapter 15: Separation, Divorce, Remarriage & StepfamiliesDivorce RatesDivorce rates decreasingPostponing marriagesCohabitationEducationWe know little about same-sex divorce; studies done in other countries suggest divorce rates higher among same-sex couplesLess social supportLess encouragement Less legal rights to custodyMacro-Level ReasonsDemographic VariablesAffects of Divorce on ChildrenSome children adjust better than othersOften parental attitudes, not the divorce itself, affects children’s behaviorEnd of highly conflictual marriage typically improves child wellbeingQuality of parenting key factorWhat helps Children?Reassurance of continued love and care, from parents and all other family members Discusses feelings to encourage open communication
Emphasizing they are not at faultBe encouraged to talk freely with other trusted peopleCivil co-parenting; not hearing complaints Diversity & Complexity of StepfamiliesConcepts and research of stepfamilies often reflect experiences of white, middle-class, heterosexual familiesMust cope with unique tasks; no shared family history Stepfamily Cycle: Fantasy, immersion, awareness, mobilization, action, contact, resolution Chapter 16:Families in Later LifeGrandparentingGrandparenting stylesRemote or detached– largely ritualistic, symbolic relationship Companionate and loving – emotional and instrumental support Involved and influential – very active role; playful but authoritativeAdvisory and authoritative – advisor; financial providerCultural transmitters – transmit values, cultural practices and customs Sibling Relationships in Later LifeInvolves intergenerational ambivalence- contradictions that arise from kinship roles and personal emotions2Sibling relationships usually last longer than any other family tie; they are an important source of companionship and emotional supportFive types of sibling relationships in later life:

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