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Article 538, OCC (now Article 621, NCC) and the doctrine in the Yu-Tibocase are not applicable herein becausethe two estates, the one owned by petitioner, and the other owned by respondent, were formerly owned by justone person, Francisco Sanz. It was Sanz who introduced improvements on both properties. On that portionpresently belonging to respondent, he constructed a house in such a way that the northeastern side thereofextends to the wall of the camarinon the portion now belonging to petitioner. On said northeastern side of thehouse, there are windows and doors which serve as passages for light and view. These windows and doors werein existence when respondent purchased the house and lot from Sanz. The deed sale did not provide that theeasement of light and view would not be established. This is precisely the case covered by Article 541, OCC (nowArticle 624, NCC) which provides that the existence of an apparent sign of easement between two estates,established by the proprietor of both, shall be considered, if one of them is alienated, as a title so that theeasement will continue actively and passively, unless at the time the ownership of the two estate is divided, thecontrary is stated in the deed of alienation of either of them, or the sign is made to disappear before theinstrument is executed. The existence of the doors and windows on the northeastern side of the aforementionedhouse, is equivalent to a title, for the visible and permanent sign of an easement is the title that characterizes itsexistence. However, while the law declares that the easement is to "continue", the easement actually arises for thefirst time only upon alienation of either estate, inasmuch as before that time there is no easement to speak of,there being but one owner of both estates (Article 530, OCC, now Article 613, NCC).67. G.R. No. L-10619, February 28, 1958LEOGARIO RONQUILLO vs. JOSE ROCO, as Administrator of VICENTE, ROCO Y. DOMINGUEZ Facts:Ronquillos have been in the continuous and uninterrupted use of a road or passage way which traversed the landof the Rocos in going to Igualdad Street and the market place of Naga City for more than 20 years; that the Rocosand the tenants of Vicente Roco have long recognized and respected the private legal easement of road right ofway of said Ronquillos. On May 12, 1953, the Rocos Jose Roco thru his co-Rocos, Raymundo Martinez and theirmen started constructing a chapel in the middle of the said right of way. On July 10, 1954 the new RocosNatividad Roco and Gregorio Miras, Jr. with the approval of the Roco, Jose Roco and with the help of their menand laborers, by means of force, intimidation, and threats, illegally and violently planted wooden posts, fencedUNIVERSITY OF CEBU – COLLEGE OF LAWPage 203LLB – 4 (S.Y. 2015-2016)Abing, PatrickJacinto, Jamero Jr.Tan, Steffanieh GailCaputol, Danica PatriciaMagdoza, BregetteTirado, AdrianneCortes, Angeli VictoriaMaglasang, LaarniTomonglay, NoelGarcia, Felicito Jr.Niere, SherlynUrsal, April LynnGulbin, Lou AnnRebato, Mar FrancisYsulan, Aura BernSemblante, Sarah Jane