have a substarntial number of police officers compared to smaller cities like Los Angelos who have fewer officers. Although the police-population ratio is broadly utilized to measure the amount of police protection cities with more police per population, do not indeed have lower crime rates. Sometimes it is apparent that cities with high crime rates often have more police officers. That is because the public has requested more police presence in their community. The improper usage of officers can result in less officers being accessible on the streets to respond to the calls of the community. Many officers after the academy are typically assigned to perform patrol functions. These officers need to be adequately allocated to shifts and areas, determined by the number of calls for service from the community. Most often serious crimes are occurring during the nighttime hours, unlike the morning hours where calls for service are less compared to evening hours. It is known that crime is prevalent in lower class neighborhoods and that low- income people are the most prominent users of police services for order maintenance. Most departments have failed to realign beats and or sectors often to adjust to social changes within the community. With Communities continuing to grow and decline in population, the middle- income communities are changing to low-income, this has shown an increase in the number of calls for service. A more extensive percentage of policing today involves the utilization of an automobile. These automobiles provide for a significant area of coverage compared to foot patrol. Foot patrol can only cover a specific small area and with the inability to carry additional equipment which can be needed in each situation. The one leading benefit law enforcement organizations are accomplishing regarding foot patrol is community policing, which has become a significant part of policing today. Solo officer patrol versus dual officer patrol. Solo officer patrols can be more efficient than dual officer patrol. Two solo patrol officers can patrol a more substantial area twice as frequent and be available for more calls for service. Due to some recent
critical incidents many law enforcement agencies have utilized dual officer patrols as their primary way of policing. Many police executives believe that dual officer patrol is a safer method of patrolling compared to solo patrol. [Wal18] References Roufa, T. (2017, August 12). . Retrieved from the balance. Walker, S., & Katz, C. (2018). The Police in America: An Introduction (9th ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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