100%(5)5 out of 5 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 6 - 9 out of 18 pages.
1853: an agreement between Philip II andGregory XIII where it was stated that regularsshould hand over the churches they holdonce there are enough secular priests in thecountryv1870: 611 churches - held by regulars181 churches - held by secularsvFatherPEDRO PELAEZ(died 1863): one ofthe first proponentsLA ALGARADA CAVITENA (1872)vLed by soldiers
vReason: Soldiers were now required to paytaxes and participate in polo which theywere initially exempted fromvOpponent: Governor General RafaelIZQUIERDOvTwo forts/bases: San Felipe and SantiagovSignal for starting the uprising would befireworksvJanuary 20, 1872: uprising due tomiscommunication; fireworks that were seenat this time was due to the celebration of thefeast of San SebastianvBlame for event was placed onGOMBURZAvFrancisco ZALDUA -a soldier, gave atestimony against GOMBURZAvGOMBURZA•Mariano Gomez (was in Manila)•Jose Burgos (was in Bacoor)•Jacinto Zamora (was in Manila)•Proof for blame: a letter received by Fr.Zamora which included the words“balas” and “polvora”; real reason: theywere secular priestsvFebruary 17, 1872 - the execution ofGOMBURZA at Luneta with 30, 000spectatorsPROPAGANDA MOVEMENTvIlustrados begin to call for reformsstraightfrom MadridvVia writings and political lobbyingvNot anti-Spanish, butanti-friarsvGOALS:1.For the Philippines to become a Spanishprovince∆Filipinos will be treated as Spanishcitizens by law∆Send a representative to the SpanishCortes (political lobbying)2.Secularization3.More educational reforms∆Education to be accessible to all∆Secularization of the school system4.Development of the Philippine economythrough free tradeA. Asosacion Hispano-FilipinovJune 12, 1889; members both Spanishand Filipino (Clase media)vGoal is to approach Spanish politicalfigures for political lobbyingvE.g.Miguel Morayta- historian, professorfrom Madridv1893 - Maura Law successfully passedthrough the Spanish Cortes throughcongressman Don Antonio MauravMaura Law:∆Colonial Government should givemore duties to municipal governments∆Filipinos should be taught Spanish:was vetoed by friars who believed itwas dangerous to do so, because theywould then not be able to capitalize inFilipinos’ regionalismvWritingB. La Solidaridad(a.k.a. Sol)vIlustradosvNewspaper that highlighted Filipinoachievements, news, posted nationalisticarticles etc.vWrote place of publication as Yokohama(actual place of publication in Madrid andBarcelona)vUsed pen names∆JoseRIZAL- Laong Laan, Dimasilang∆MarianoPONCE- Kalipulako (Lapu-lapu)∆MarceloDEL PILAR- Plaridel∆Jose MariPANGANIBAN– JOMAPAvSpaniard’s retaliated against them in part,for example, when they targeted Rizal’smothervJanuary 1, 1889
vFirst Editor in Chief -Graciano LopezJaena∆People voted for Rizal, but he was inLondon at the time studying a book thatpresentsthePhilippinesobjectively(Events in the Philippine Islands,Antoniode Morga)v2nd Editor in Chief -Marcelo del Pilar