Both husband and wife have similar reports for wifes time Husband and wife have

Both husband and wife have similar reports for wifes

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Both husband and wife have similar reports for wife’s time. Husband and wife have different reports for husband’s time. 5 hour difference; Husband reports more time. Difference in gap between husband and wife’s labor from reports Husband’s report: 7.2 hrs/wk Wife’s report: 13.2 hrs/wk Difference in gap from Beeper Data: 5-9.1 hrs. Second shift and leisure gap o Women experience “second shift” (Hochschild, 1989) Idea that, when women work outside the home, their “second shift” begins upon returning home. o Leisure gap between men and women Women are more likely to give up hobbies, etc. in order to adapt to increased household work (i.e. childcare). o The more women work, the less household work they do; however, husbands do not increase hours spent doing household work. o Males tasks are more discretionary (i.e. paying bills), whereas female tasks are more constant (i.e. cooking). ° ° Two types of domestic abuse – What are they? How do they differ? “All family violence is abhorrent, but not all family violence is the same.” (Johnson, 1995)
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o Patriarchal terrorism (AKA “Intimate terrorism”) o Common couple violence Patriarchal terrorism o Beatings happen more than once a week and escalate in seriousness over time. o Most of the time, the victim does not fight back. o Can involve other types of abuse besides physical: Minimizing, denying, blaming Coercion and threats Intimidation Emotional abuse Isolation Abusive spouse causes victim to slowly lose contact with their friends and family. Using children Either using the children as leverage, or threatening the children directly Economic abuse Denying access to money Common couple violence o Typical family conflicts that occasionally get out of control At least as likely to be enacted by women as men Occurs about once every 2 months Doesn’t typically escalate over time
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Unlike patriarchal terrorism, it’s not usually related to generalized control issues. Gender asymmetry in partner violence depends on the sample and types of abuse. o It depends on the sample… Community survey samples: Women are at least as likely, if not more, to use violence against men. Shelter and police samples: Nearly all victims are women, and all perpetrators men. o It depends on the type of violence… Common couple violence: Women are at least as likely, if not more, to use violence against men. We underestimate the frequency of male victims due to the fact that men are less likely to report it. Patriarchal terrorism: Nearly all victims are women, and all perpetrators men. Women are most endangered of being murdered by romantic partners. Reasons why people stay in violent relationships o More likely to leave when violence causes injury and is escalating o Characteristics that are related to being less likely to leave an abusive relationship: Being older Viewing violence as normative Depression, anxiety, lack of efficacy
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