Dialogue conversation between two or more characters Exposition the background

Dialogue conversation between two or more characters

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Dialogue - conversation between two or more characters. Exposition - the background information that the reader has to know and/or understand before reading the play or novel. The information is usually dealt with at the beginning of the book. Sometimes, exposition reveals things that occurred before the actual plot begins. Example : The chorus in Romeo and Juliet explains the setting , the feud between the families, and the future deaths of the main characters in fourteen lines of poetry. Fable – a short tale that illustrates a message or a moral. Fables usually incorporate elements of non- reality, such as talking animals. Examples : Aesop’s Fables, Animal Farm. Flat or Static character - a one-dimensional character who lacks diversity and complexity; a character who is either all good or all bad and does not change. Because the character behaves in just one way, he or she is easy to comprehend. Example : Sherlock Holmes seems to be calm, deliberative, and in complete charge, regardless of the situation. Inference - the act of drawing a conclusion that is not actually stated by the author. Example : In The Pigman, John and Lorraine are writing a “memorial epic” about Mr. Pignati. Therefore, the reader may logically assume that Mr. Pignati dies in the book.
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179 © Copyright 2005, Prestwick House, Inc. Irony - a perception of inconsistency, sometimes humorous, in which the significance and understand- ing of a statement or event is changed by its context. Example : The firehouse burned down. Dramatic Irony - the audience or reader knows more about a character’s situation than the character does and knows that the character’s understanding is incorrect. Example : In Medea, Creon asks, “What atrocities could she commit in one day?” The reader, however, knows Medea will destroy her family and Creon’s by day’s end. Structural Irony – the use of a naïve hero, whose incorrect perceptions differ from the reader’s correct ones. Example : Huck Finn. Verbal Irony - a discrepancy between what is said and what is really meant; sarcasm. Example : A large man whose nickname is “Tiny.” Legend - a story that is only partly true (or completely false) about a real or fictional character. Legends usually include exaggerations and unusual events or circumstances. Example : Paul Bunyan changes the course of the Pecos River. Metaphor - a comparison of two things that are basically dissimilar in which one is described in terms of the other. Example : The moon, a haunting lantern, shone through the clouds. Monologue - an extended speech by one character, either when alone or to others. Example : The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock; Mark Antony’s speech at Caesar’s funeral . Mood - the emotional aspect of the work, which contributes to the feeling the reader gets from the book. Example : Gothic novels like Frankenstein have a gloomy, dark quality to them, which the author reflects through the depiction of nature, character, and plot.
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