Which consists of all of the stars and the primum

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, which consists of all of the stars, and the Primum Mobile , which is, “inferred to account for the motions of all the others” (Lewis 96). Beyond the Primum Mobile is the heavens and God. Beginning with the Primum Mobile , rotation occurs and moves down to each lower sphere, ultimately ending with the smallest sphere the Moon. Along with conjoined movement, the spheres, “transmit (to the Earth) what are called Influences —the subject-matter of Astrology” (103). The descending spheres highlight the Medieval principle of hierarchy through the idea that the highest of spheres, aka the Primum Mobile , is able to connect all of the lower spheres through cooperative rotation. As the first sphere starts to move, it creates a chain reaction that
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2 Galtney causes the others to move as well. Through this movement, the Influences that serve as the backbone of astrology are able to be passed down to the Earth. In addition, the Ptolemaic universe consists entirely of these spheres, which therefore implies that through order, all beings are encompassed and connected. In chapter seven, Lewis explains that man is a “rational animal” and is partly related to both angels and beasts. Because of this, “every mode of being in the whole universe contributes to him” (153). Lewis further makes it clear that it is the Rational Soul that puts man in this position.
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