12. Your priority in caring for a patient with a surface contact poisoning is to:A. move the patient to a safe area.B. avoid contaminating yourself.C. decontaminate the patient’s skin.D. obtain and maintain a patent airway. 13. Phosphorus or elemental sodium should be brushed off of the skin instead of irrigated with water because:14. Most poisonings occur via the __________ route.15. Syrup of ipecac is no longer recommended to treat patients who have ingested a poisonous substance because it:16. Activated charcoal is given to patients who have ingested certain substances because it:A. induces vomiting and empties the stomach.B. binds to the substance and prevents absorption.C. decreases absorption of poisons into the lungs.D. is a direct antidote for many toxic substances.17. In general, injected poisons are impossible to dilute or remove because they:
18. As you enter the residence of a patient who has possibly overdosed, you should:19. Your unit is dispatched to the county jail for an intoxicated inmate. Upon arrival, you find the patient, a 33-year-old male, lying supine in a jail cell. He is responsive to painful stimuli only and has slow, shallow respirations. You should be MOST concerned that this patient:20. You receive a call to a residence where a man found his wife unconscious on the couch. The patient is unresponsive, her respiratory rate is 8 breaths/min, her breathing is shallow, her heart rate is 40 beats/min, and her pulse is weak. The husband hands you an empty bottle of hydrocodone (Vicodin), which was refilled the day before. You should:A. initiate ventilatory assistance.B. contact the poison control center.C. perform a rapid head-to-toe exam.D. apply oxygen via a nonrebreathing mask.
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- Fall '14
- d., Poison, B., cocaine, c.