Later advances in social development stranger

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Later advances in social development . . . stranger reactions (7-8 mos.) separation anxiety (8-9 mos.) social referencing (11-12 mos.)
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10/5/12 4 Temperament is an early foundation of personality development Temperament ---> Constitutionally- based individual differences in behavior that tend to be stable across situations and over time Constitutional : genes, maturation, & experience Dimensions of temperament . . . activity level emotionality dominant mood soothability fearfulness, anger, irritability approach / withdrawal sociability adaptability attention span or persistence distractability Temperament dimensions di ! er in two ways: • reactivity (emotionality, irritability, activity level) • self-regulation (soothability, adaptability, persistence) -- that reflect the organization of brain processes relevant to temperament
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10/5/12 5 a combination of temperamental characteristics including negative mood, irritability, intense emotionality, poor adaptability, and demandingness -- can be a risk factor for later psychological difficulty (such as conduct problems or anxiety)
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10/5/12 6 temperament may enhance vulnerability or resiliency the " goodness of fit # between temperament and environment guides development either positively or negatively (illustrates nature - nurture interaction) temperamental qualities that are more extreme tend to be more influential (difficult temperament as an example) the expression of temperament changes with age (partly because temperament is based in biological systems that mature significantly in childhood and adolescence)
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  • Spring '08
  • LEHMAN
  • Psychology, Temperament, early social interaction, early social responding

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