Population of city x 2 p 1 population of the largest

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: population of city x2.P1: population of the largest city (the first ranked city) 3.R : population rank of city x -Urban Primacy urban systems that do not adhere to the rank size distribution tend to follow an urban primacy distribution, where the largest city is named the primate city primate city:the largest city in an urban system, usually the capital, which dominates its political, economic and social life; a city that is more than twice the size of the next largest city in the system Global Cities global city: a city that is an important node in the global economy; a dominant city in the global urban hierarchy; sometimes referred to as a world city Supranational organizations-a multinational grouping of independent states where power is delegated to an authority by member governments Gateway City- a city that is a key point of entry to a major geographic region or country for goods or people, often via an international airport, or major rail centre; a city in which several different cultural traditions are absorbed and assimilated The Hierarchy of Global Cities business activity:number of major global corporate headquarters, the value of the city’s capital markers, the flow of goods through its ports and airportshuman capital:proportion of population that is foreign born, quality of post secondary institutions, proportion of population with post secondary educationfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
information exchange: internet penetration rates, number of international news bureaus, and freedom of expression cultural experience:major sporting events hosted, number of museums and performing arts venues, and number of international tourists political engagement: number of embassies and consulates, international organizations, and political conferences find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
Chapter 12 Notes central business district: the social, cultural, commercial and political centre of the city; usually characterized by high rise office and residential towers, key municipal government buildings and civic amenities Urban Structure the three models of urban structure describe the concentic, secotrs, and multiple nuclei cities in north americacities in other places of the world display internal structures similar in basic principles but often different in detail urban structure:the arrangement of land uses in urban cities; related to urban morphology - urban land uses are categorized into 6 types: residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, recreational, and transportation (including roads, parking lots, public transit, railways, and airports) - population density is highest in the centre and declines towards urban periphery Concentric Zone Model -1925, sociologist fernet burgess developed the concentric zone model, which focuses primarily on residential land use -he observed a spatial relationship between a households socio-economic status and distance from the central business district: the greater the distance, the greater the wealth, and the

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