The proletariat would eventually win the struggle and set up a classless

The proletariat would eventually win the struggle and

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The proletariat would eventually win the struggle and set up a classless society; wealth and power would be equally shared by everyone (pure communism) - Called for an international struggle to bring down capitalism Marxism vs Capitalism MARXISM CAPITALISM All citizens are equal, classless Classes Cannot own private property, equal share of wealth and power Competition - owners can have private property and become very wealthy Communism -----------------------socialism ----------------------------------------------- capitalism (planned system, high government control, lots of social services) (<---opposite) Impact of Marxism - Socialist parties emerged in Western Europe- absorbed Marxist ideas - Late 1800s- Russian socialists embraced Marxism- Russian Revolution of 1917 set up a communist government - Revolutionaries around the world adopted Marxist ideas to their own ends
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Weaknesses - Predicted the misery of the working class would start a world revolution- by 1900, the standard of living of the working class improved - Predicted workers would unite across borders to wage class warfare- nationalism won out- people felt a stronger ties to their countries than communist movements Trade Unions - Believed in organization of workers as a means of dealing with the horrible working conditions - Collective bargaining on behalf of members to employers - Faced obstacles from the onset; in 1789 and 1800, the Combination Acts made it illegal to form or join trade unions Reform Laws - Factory Act (1833)- Britain - Mines Act (1842)- Britain - Ten Hour Act (1847)- Britain - Child Labor Committee (1904)- U.S - Other Reformers - William Wilberforce- a member of the British Parliament fought for abolition of slavery - Jane Addams ran settlement houses in the United States for the poor - Horace Mann of Massachusetts favored free public education for all children Abolition of Slavery - Britain abolished slavery in the West Indies in 1807 and finally in the rest of its empire in 1833. - United States- 1865 after the Civil War - Puerto Rico- 1873 - Cuba - 1886 - Brazil - 1888
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