Which of the following is associated with adult

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WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS ASSOCIATED WITH ADULT POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE - (AIIMS NOV 01) A) BERRY ANEURYSMS IN CIRCLE OF WILLIS B) SACCULAR ANEURYSMS OF AORTA C) FUSIFORM ANEURYSMS OF AORTA D) LEUTIC ANEURYSMS ANS IS ‘A’ I.E., BERRY ANEURYSM IN CIRCLE OF WILLIS [REF: HARISSON 18,H/E P.2356; 17H/E P. 1798; 217
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POLYCYSTIC DISEASE OF THE KIDNEY MAY HAVE CYSTS IN ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ORGANS EXCEPT - (AI 04) A) LUNG B) LIVER C) PANCREAS D) SPLEEN ANS. IS ‘A’ I.E., LUNG [REF: HARRISON 18'VEP. 2356; 17H/EP. 1798 & 16'VEP. 1696; ROBBIN’S 7H/EP. 964] 218
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INFECTIONS WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING GRAM POSITIVE ORGANISMS IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI) AMONG SEXUALLY ACTIVE WOMEN (AIIMSNOV 04) A) STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS B) STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS C) STAPHYLOCOCCUS SAPROPHYTICUS D) ENTEROCOCCUS 219
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INFECTIONS WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING GRAM POSITIVE ORGANISMS IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI) AMONG SEXUALLY ACTIVE WOMEN (AIIMSNOV 04) A) STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS B) STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS C) STAPHYLOCOCCUS SAPROPHYTICUS D) ENTEROCOCCUS C 222
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A BOY IS SUFFERING FROM ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS. MOST SPECIFIC URINARY FINDING WILL BE – (ALIMS MAY 07) A) W.B.C. CASTS B) LEUCOCYTE ESTERASE TEST C) NITRITE TEST D) BACTERIA IN GRAM STAIN 223
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THERE ARE THREE BASIC FORMS OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION:- I) PYELONEPHRITIS II) CYSTITIS III) ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA 224
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I) PYELONEPHRITIS U RINARY TRACT INFECTION INVOLVING THE RENAL PARENCHYMA, IF THERE IS NO PARENCHYMAL INVOLVEMENT, THE CONDITION MAY BE TERMED PYELITIS. II) CYSTITIS - IT INDICATES BLADDER INVOLVEMENT. III ) ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA - IT REFERS TO INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE A POSITIVE URINE CULTURE WITHOUT ANY MANIFESTATION OF INFECTION AND OCCUR ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY IN GIRLS. 225
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REMEMBER THAT CASTS CAN ONLY BE FORMED IN THE KIDNEY. THE PRESENCE OF CAST IS SPECIFIC FOR KIDNEY. CASTS CANNOT BE FORMED FROM ANYWHERE ELSE IN THE URINARY TRACT. CASTS ARE THE ONLY ELEMENTS FOUND IN URINARY SEDIMENTS WHICH ARE UNIQUE TO THE KIDNEY. THUS WHENEVER WBC CASTS ARE PRESENT IN A PATIENT SUSPECTED OF HAVING URINARY TRACT INFECTION IT CONFIRMS PYELONEPHRITIS. 226
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A BOY IS SUFFERING FROM ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS. MOST SPECIFIC URINARY FINDING WILL BE - (ALIMS MAY 07) A) W.B.C. CASTS B) LEUCOCYTE ESTERASE TEST C) NITRITE TEST D) BACTERIA IN GRAM STAIN ANS. IS ‘A’ I.E. W.B.C. CASTS [REF. HARRISON 16!H/E P. 1717, 1718; NELSON 17*/E P. 1785] 227
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DIPSTICK TEST USING LEUCOCYTE ESTERASE AND NITRITE IN THE URINE:- DIPSTICKS ARE USED AS SCREENING TOOL FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF U.T.I. DIPSTICKS DETECT THE PRESENCE OF LEUCOCYTE ESTERASE AND NITRITE IN THE URINE. 228
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NITRITE TEST:- MORE THAN 90% OF COMMON URINARY PATHOGEN (GRAM NEGATIVE RODS) ARE NITRITE PRODUCING BACTERIA.
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