- If you feel anchored in a place, you’ll be watchful and care about it. Conflict POV on Deviance & Crime - According to conflict, those who control resources and institutions are also in charge of definitions of deviance and crime and biased sanctioning of deviance and crime. - Includes feminist perspective (recognize domestic violence, possibility of rape within marriage) - Psych experiment Symbolic Interactionist POV on Deviance & Crime - Focuses on relationships and shared meanings - Relationships: social networks and primary groups - Shared meanings: labels - Differential Association Theory: attitudes and social learning depend on primary groups and significant others. Responsibility for deviance rests in networks and ongoing social experiences, not in macro, distant, structural forces such as culture. - Density- how well your friends know each other - Centrality- embeddedness of position within a network of your peers - Labeling Theory: how and why does the label deviance become attached to specific people and behaviors? Primary and secondary deviance.
- Weak: can’t explain the primary deviance Studying roots of crime and violence Criminology: crime is behavior considered so unacceptable that is it subject to legal penalties. Aspects of Social Structure// Age, sex, class, race, culture. Crime rates in US are lowest in about 40 years. - Measure with victimization surveys and official reports.
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