America First Committee - Charles Lindbergh American Nazis: The german american bund Battle of Britain (July-sep 1940)
- The Battle of Britain was an air campaign waged between the Luftwaffe and the United Kingdom. - Following the Battle of France, Hitler attempted to invade Britain. Significantly, Britain fought off the German attack and was considered the first major allied victory and was a crucial turning point in the war. Lend lease act March 1941 - Provided billions of dollars of equipment - Free gift but initially a loan Operation Barbarossa - german invasion of the soviet Union, june 1941 - US German undeclared naval war in the Atlantic US Embargo of oil and scrap metal to japan (Aug 1941) - Japanese decided to attack south east asia but had to attack america first - Japanese attack on pearl harbor - 1.500 dead in hawaii - Congress votes war on japan The US home front Economic mobilization US workers Rationing - Couldn't buy certain things - Food stuff went directly to soldiers - Couldn’t attain luxury goods Propaganda for the war The 4 freedoms: - Freedom of speech - Freedom of worship - Freedom from fear - Freedom from want
Different groups: - Mexican Americans and the war Bracero Program - 219,000 mexicans were hired to come to the US and agriculture workers Los angeles “zoot suit riots” (May -june 1943) - Left them in their underwear - Arrested mexican american youth - 1600 arrested - Blamed racism Ant-Japanese Racial Propaganda - Pointed to hitler Executive order 9066 (feb 1942) - Issued by president rosevelt - Ordered the incarceration of all japanese americans - ⅓ of all the japanese (~40,000) were foreigners - ⅔ (~80,000 were) Manzanar Camp 1943 Korematsu vs. US (1944) - Supreme court favored - Challenged his arrest and hired a lawyer African americans and the War Detroit race riot (june 1943) - White workers went on hate strikes - Whites didn’t like how blacks were getting paid the same and getting in the same work field Double V American women at war
442nd regimental combat team Race Hatred and violence in War - Life magazine, May 22, 1944 Phillip Randolph WW2 era women's magazine Homosexuals in the Armed Forces - 50,000 males every year discharged for breaking rules The End of WW2 The course of the world The Battle of Midway (june 1942) US island hopping campaign Battle of stalingrad (Nov 1942-Feb 1943) - 800,000 people died Battle of the Atlantic (1941-43) - Won by allies - Helped support great britain Allied bombing of dresden (Feb 13-15 1945) Allied Invasion of western Europe (june 1944) Hitler committed suicide in late april Children in Auschwitz Death camp, late 1944 Death of franklin roosevelt after WW2 ended due to a stroke - Didn’t tell people about weapons and etc Hiroshima, 1944 End of the war and demobilization
The Cold War - A world wide political, diplomatic, economic and military competition between the US and western european countries - “the west”: capitalist liberal - democratic welfare states and “the east”: communist one party dictatorships with planned economics - An ideological struggle: competing philosophies, systems of belief. Capitalism vs.
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