1 Which model says that the government should do what the majority of the

1 which model says that the government should do what

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1. Which model says that the government should do what the majority of the public wants? Majoritarianism 2. Which model argues that the public does not demonstrate clear, consistent opinions, and that the government should instead listen to interest groups? Pluralism Page 15 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution Section 5.2- The Distribution of Public Opinion Mentor Note: This section discusses how we measure public opinion, primarily through the use of polling. When examining the results of polling to see what the public thinks about certain issues, the government must pay attention to the shape of public opinion distribution graphs to see how much agreement and conflict there is over an issue, and how much opinions have changed over time. Section 5.3- Political Socialization Answer the following questions: 1. Define political socialization: lifelong process where people form their ideas about politics and acquire political valuse 2. Explain the key principles that characterize early learning, including: Primacy Principle: what you learn first you learn the best and you are unlikely to change your mind late in life. Structuring Principle: what you learned in your early years structures your thoughts later in life but you also may adopt ideas later in life as well. Mentor Note: An agent of political socialization is a “source of influence” that we encounter from childhood through young adulthood that aids in our political development. 3. List the three key agents of political socialization. Family, school, media 4. What is one of the most politically important things that children learn from their parents? Political beliefs 5. Based on what you learned about the primacy and structuring principles above, which is the most important agent of socialization? family Page 16 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution Section 5.4- Social Groups and Political Values Mentor Note: People with similar social backgrounds tend to share political values, and we can ask questions to determine how people prioritize values like equality, freedom, and order. For example, we can ask “Should the government see to it that every person has a job and a good standard of living?” to measure whether people believe the government should promote quality, or if people should be free to succeed or fail on their own. Circle, highlight, or check the answer that best represents the relationship in the following statements: 1. People with ___ less __________ education support government action to guarantee jobs. less more 2. People with __ ___________ education oppose government action to guarantee jobs. less more 3. Therefore, people with less education tend to favor ____ equality freedom 4. And, people with more education tend to favor _____ __________.
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