"Just when we were about to forgive-and-forget [respondent's] checkered past,he himself reminded us of what a wily, shifty chameleon he truly and naturallyis.x x xIn Juan Ponce Enrile: A Memoir, and bio-documentary 'Johnny' that aired inABS-CBN-he recants his previous recantation of the assasination attempt onhim, which Marcos used as one more reason to justify Martial Law. x x x Didhe expect national amnesia to afflict Filipinos who know the truth?"x x x"In his attempt to leave an acceptable legacy for posterity and bequeath aSenate seat for junior, the nonagenarian is sanitizing his recollections insteadof asking for absolution. Stem cell therapy can deter dementia but it cannotregenerate an innocent man."x x x"We are being wooed to perpetuate the 40-years-running Enrile saga. Everynight we should pray: Dear God, Make all who want our vote, be the men wewant them to be."2.4 The libelous article's opening sentence alone - "Just when we were aboutto forgive-and-forget [respondent's] checkered past, he himself reminded us ofwhat a wily, shifty chameleon he truly and naturally is" - already indicates[petitioner's] malicious objective: to discredit the integrity of [respondent] anddegrade his accomplishments and success as an elected public official. Readwith the succeeding paragraphs cited above, the libelous article clearly depicts[respondent] as a liar and a hoax who deceives the public to believe that he isan honorable and respectable public figure.2.5 Worse, the libelous article insinuates that [respondent] is a criminal whocommitted the crime of smuggling of cars. Thus:"Another misdeed associated with father-and-son is the alleged rampant carsmuggling in Port Irene. In 1995, the Cagayan Export Zone Authority (CEZA)was established through Republic Act 7922, authored by Cagayan native[respondent]. x x x Despite E0156 issued in 2008, which prohibited suchimportations, smuggling continued. Enrile countered that CEZA is notcovered by the prohibition because the importers pay the correct duties andtaxes. Ford reportedly pulled out its manufacturing business to protest thenefarious activities in CEZA."2.6 These statements clearly tend to cause dishonor, discredit, disrespect, andcontempt of [respondent] by characterizing him as a liar, fraud, manipulator,criminal and smuggler of cars.2.7 At the time of publication of the libelous article, [respondent] is a publicofficer holding office in Pasay City.5 (Underlining omitted and italics in theoriginal)On January 17, 2013, petitioner filed an Answer with CompulsoryCounterclaims,6 the pertinent portion of which, states:COMPULSORY COUNTERCLAIMSFirst Compulsory Counterclaim2.4[Petitioner] reiterates and incorporates by reference each and every allegationmade in each and every preceding paragraph and subparagraph of this Answer.