BIG IDEA: Competing Policy-Making Interests PMI-4.A: Explain how the ideologies of the two major parties shape policy debates. PMI-4.A.1: The Democratic Party (D or DEM) platforms generally align more closely to liberal ideological positions, and the Republican Party (R or GOP) platforms generally align more closely to conservative ideological positions. PMI-4.B: Explain how U.S. political culture (e.g., values, attitudes, and beliefs) influences the formation, goals, and implementation of public policy over time. PMI-4.B.1: Because the U.S. is a democracy with a diverse society, public policies generated at any given time reflect the attitudes and beliefs of citizens who choose to participate in politics at that time. PMI-4.B.2: The balancing dynamic of individual liberty and government efforts to promote stability and order has been reflected in policy debates and their outcomes over time. PMI-4.C: Describe different political ideologies regarding the role of government in regulating the marketplace. PMI-4.C.1: Liberal ideologies favor more governmental regulation of the marketplace, conservative ideologies favor fewer regulations, and libertarian ideologies favor little or no regulation of the marketplace beyond the protection of property rights and voluntary trade. Return to Table of Contents © 2018 The College Board 32 AP U.S. Government and Politics Course and Exam Description
Content Outline Enduring Understanding Learning Objective Essential Knowledge Students will understand that … Students will be able to … Students will know that … PMI-4: Widely held political ideologies shape policy debates and choices in American policies. BIG IDEA: Competing Policy-Making Interests (continued) PMI-4.D: Explain how political ideologies vary on the government’s role in regulating the marketplace. PMI-4.D.1: Ideological differences on marketplace regulation are based on different theoretical support, including Keynesian and supply-side positions on monetary and fiscal policies promoted by the president, Congress, and the Federal Reserve. PMI-4.E: Explain how political ideologies vary on the role of the government in addressing social issues. PMI-4.E.1: Liberal ideologies tend to think that personal privacy—areas of behavior where government should not intrude—extends further than conservative ideologies do (except in arenas involving religious and educational freedom); conservative ideologies favor less government involvement to ensure social and economic equality; and libertarian ideologies disfavor any governmental intervention beyond the protection of private property and individual liberty. PMI-4.F: Explain how different ideologies impact policy on social issues. PMI-4.F.1: Policy trends concerning the level of government involvement in social issues reflect the success of conservative or liberal perspectives in political parties.
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