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feminism.”(141). How do the Gospels do this according to Reuther?(141-142) (142)When Reuther sates that the “maleness” of Jesus has not ultimate theological significance, she means that we need to lookat it more of a dynamic instead of thinking Christ is male or Christ is female. Also, there is social significance in societies of patriarchal privilege.How does Williams define a womanist? (143)“Responsible, in charge, serious.” She loves, she is committed, she is a universalist by temperament.What are two of the principal concerns of womanist theology according to Williams? (144) Survival and community building and maintenanceIdentify and briefly define the four elements that Williams says needs to inform a womanist theological methodology (144-145).oA multidialogical intent: allow Christian womanist theologians to advocate andoParticipate in dialogue and action with many diverse social, political, and religious communities concerned about human survival.oA liturgical intent, a didactic intent: Relevant to the thought, worship, and action of the black church.oA commitment both to reason and to the validity of female imageryoMetaphorical language in the construction of theological statements.What are some stories from the Old Testament and New Testament that support womanist theology? (145)
In the Old Testament, Hagar’s story is most illustrative and relevant to Afro-American women’s experience of bondage, ofAfrican heritage, of encounter with God or emissary in the midst of fierce survival struggles. In the New Testament, the Christian womanist theologian can refocus the salvation story so that it emphasizes the beginning of revelation with the spirit mounting Mary, a woman of the poor.Compare and contrast Plato’s and Aristotle’s understanding of metaphysics and how those respective understandings inform their ethics. Plato and Aristotle have different approaches to metaphysics. Plato is of the mind that things exist in one of two forms, a perfect universal form, or imperfect particular form. The perfect universal form exists in a world that transcends what we think to be our reality. Our reality is filled with things that are just shadows of their true form. Aristotle also believes that things exist in two forms; matter is potentiality, and form is actuality. All universal forms exist within particular forms.Plato argues that the soul is composed of three parts: wisdom, passion, and sensuous. These parts translate in to people who are either guided by their knowledge, their courage, or their greed. Plato discusses that those who are guided by wisdom will be